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WAEC questions for "Government :: The Electoral Process"
Q1
The practice of voting in absentia through an authorized representative is
A
bye-election
B
delegated election
C
voting by proxy
D
quota voting
E
Q2
Which of the following is a function of an electoral commission?
A
Educating the public on economic policies
B
Registration of voters for election
C
Sharing of political power among parties
D
Provision of essential services
E
Q3
Which of the following does not relate to elections?
A
Dividing the country into constituencies
B
Registering voters
C
Printing voter's cards
D
impeachment of the president
E
Q4
Which of the following is a major feature of an Electoral commission?
A
Support for the ruling party
B
Control by government
C
Privately funded
D
Political neutrality
E
Q5
The introduction of elective principle in colonial West Africa allowed
A
Africans to be elected into the Legislature Councils
B
the Executive Councils to be dominated by Africans
C
an African to become a Governor-General
D
the removal of the Governor-General's powers
E
Q6
Free and Fair election is necessary for democracy to thrive because it
A
makes an unpopular candidate emerge as a winner
B
helps the people to exercise their popular sovereignty
C
makes a popular party to loose in election
D
prevents smooth change of government
E
Q7
A system in which a candidate with the highest number of votes is declared winner in an election is called
A
first-pass the-post
B
block voting
C
second balloting
D
proportional representation
E
Q8
One major advantage of the secret ballot system of election is that, it
A
helps to elect the best candidates
B
removes the fears of threat and victimization
C
enables the best party to win
D
ensures the efficiency of the electoral commission
E
Q9
An election held to determine an important constitutional issue is called
A
direct election
B
counter election
C
general election
D
referendum
E
Q10
A free and fair election requires all the following except
A
political parties
B
a long campaign period
C
gerrymandered constituencies
D
registration of all qualified voters
E
Q11
An electoral college is a
A
form of indirect rule
B
school for electoral officers
C
college which trains party leaders
D
policy to dissolve constituencies
E
Q12
The plurality system of voting could be described as
A
complex majority
B
two-third majority
C
simple majority
D
absolute majority
E
Q13
Which of the following is the duty of an Electoral Commission?
A
Adjudicating election petitions
B
Nominating Party candidates
C
Campaigning for candidates
D
Provision for voters register
E
Q14
Which of the following is an indirect form of elections?
A
Electoral College
B
General election
C
Referendum
D
Bye-election
E
Q15
One of the main functions of an election is
A
co-ordination of electoral activities
B
making of rules for governance
C
legitimation of the government
D
creating an avenue for politicians to make money
E
Q16
Which of the following factors limits universal adult suffrage?
A
Wealth
B
Age
C
Education
D
Heredity
E
Q17
Franchise can best be described as the political right to
A
vote during elections
B
contest elections
C
belong to political parties
D
vote and be vote for
E
Q18
Another name for the simple majority system of voting is the
A
first-part-the post system
B
proportional representation
C
absolute majority
D
second ballot system
E
Q19
Which of the following is not a purpose of elections?
A
Political recruitment
B
Rigging
C
Exercise of franchise
D
Legitimacy
E
Q20
The process by which people vote to elect their representatives is called
A
electoral system
B
plebiscite
C
electoral college
D
franchise
E
Q21
During the 1964 federal elections in Nigeria, there was a total boycott of voting in
A
Lagos
B
the Northern Region
C
the Eastern Region
D
the Mid-Western Region
E
Q22
The system of voting on behalf of another person is known as
A
voting by lot
B
casting votes
C
voting proxy
D
preference voting
E
Q23
The grant of the right to vote is called
A
enfranchisement
B
disqualification
C
prohibition
D
participation
E
Q24
Elections are held for the purpose of
A
strengthening the powers of the political leaders
B
ensuring a peaceful change of government
C
creating more political parties
D
uniting the people of the state
E
Q25
Universal Adult Suffrage is an indispensable factor in the practice of
A
constitutionalism
B
socialism
C
democracy
D
oligarchy
E
Q26
The major function of an electoral commission is to
A
appoint members of the judiciary
B
appoint the staff of the local government
C
announce the dissolution of the assembly
D
make arrangement for the conduct of elections
E
Q27
Free and fair elections can exist where there is
A
double voting
B
secret balloting
C
referendum
D
plebiscite
E
Q28
An election held to resolve important political question facing a country is called
A
referendum
B
bye-election
C
general election
D
primary election
E
Q29
Indirect election refers to an election that is
A
conducted through electoral college
B
allows voters to vote for themselves
C
is solely organized by the citizens
D
allows voters to cast their votes openly
E
is supervised by the police
Q30
Universal adult suffrage means that only
A
the wealthy class is allowed to contest elections
B
the educated class is allowed to vote
C
eligible adults are allowed to vote and be voted for
D
women are allowed to vote and be voted for
E
members of the Legislature are allowed to vote
Q31
The system of election whereby each political party is given a percentage of seats that is equal to the percentage of popular vote cast in its favour is known
A
absolute plurality
B
proportional representation
C
simple majority
D
simple plurality
E
direct election
Q32
Universal Adult Suffrage was first adopted throughout Nigeria under the constitution of
A
1922
B
1946
C
1958
D
1960
E
1979
Q33
After the 1959 Elections in Nigeria, a coalition government was formed at center by the
A
Northern People's Congress and Northern Elements Progressive Union
B
National Council of Nigerian Citizens and Action Group
C
Action Group and Northern Elements Progressive Union
D
National Council of Nigerian Citizens and Northern Elements Progressive Union
E
Northern People's Congress and National Councils of Nigerian Citizens
Q34
The dominant actors in the Action Group crisis of 1962 were
A
Dauda Adegbenro and Adesoji Aderemi
B
Obafemi Awolowo and Ladoke Akintola
C
Anthony Enahoro and Bode Thomas
D
Adetokunbo Ademola and Fani Kayode
E
Richard Akinjide and Adeniran Ogunsanya
Q35
Who founded the Unity Party of Nigeria in the Second Republic?
A
Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe
B
Chief Micheal Ajasin
C
Chief Obafemi Awolowo
D
Alhaji Shehu Shagari
E
Alhaji Waziri Ibrahim
Q36
The political party that controlled the federal government during the Second Republic in Nigeria was the
A
Nigerian Advance Party (NAP)
B
Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN)
C
Great Nigeria People's Party (GNPP)
D
Nigerian People's Party (NPP)
E
National Party of Nigeria
Q37
For an Electoral Commission to conduct a free and fair election, it must be
A
controlled by the government
B
funded by only one of the political parties
C
an impartial and independence body
D
supervised by a government agency
E
headed by a Justice of the Supreme Court
Q38
An electoral college refers to a
A
training school for electoral officers
B
medium of indirect election
C
means of educating the electorate
D
place where public opinion is formed
E
headed by a Justice of the supreme
Q39
An indirect election takes place when
A
election is conducted for seats in the legislature
B
voting is by proxy
C
election result is decided by the Judiciary
D
elected representatives vote on behalf of the electorate
E
there is rigging in elections
Q40
A bye-election is conducted when
A
the parliament is dissolved
B
the chief justice resigns or dies
C
a minister resigns
D
the military takes over government
E
some vacant seats exist in Parliament
Q41
Which of the following was a requirement for suffrage under the first election in Nigeria in 1923?
A
A minimum income of 100 per annual
B
12-month residence in Europe
C
24 month residence in the capital city
D
Being a male adult and legally married
E
Status of a British citizen
Q42
Universal adult suffrage is very popular today because it
A
allows the establishment of military regimes
B
allows for equal political representation
C
encourages a multi-party systems
D
ensures equal performance of all political parties
E
allows for greater political participation
Q43
The purpose of an election is to
A
allow people to participate in choosing their leaders
B
provide social amenities for the electorate
C
declare election results
D
give people political education
E
allow the counting of votes in public
Q44
Which of the following is not a method of election?
A
Simple majority
B
Proportional representation
C
Single-member constituency
D
Plurality system
E
Absolute majority
Q45
How many Nigerians were elected into the Legislative Council when the elective principle was applied in 1923?
A
Two
B
Three
C
Four
D
Five
E
Six
Q46
One of the advantages of the simple majority system of voting is that
A
discourages election malpractice
B
gives an accurate results of an election
C
is very suitable to large countries
D
is simple and cheap to operate
E
is useful in developing countries
Q47
The geographical units into which a country is divided for the purpose of elections are called
A
constituencies
B
polling areas
C
Local government areas
D
states
E
country councils
Q48
Disenfranchised refers to the
A
qualification of voters in an election
B
disqualification of fraudulent presidential aspirants
C
denial of the right to vote in an election
D
right to vote in all elections
E
right to vote and be voted for
Q49
An election in which people vote for issues of public policy rather than candidates is known as
A
mini-election
B
general election
C
bye-election
D
party primary
E
referendum
Q50
Where no absolute majority is obtained in the first round of elections, the most viable option is the
A
simple majority
B
proportional representation
C
second ballot
D
bye election
E
referendum
Q51
Which of the following is a function of Electoral Commission?
A
Arbitrating among political parties
B
Arranging and conducting elections
C
Organizing political parties
D
Supporting Political parties
E
Taking part in an election
Q52
A country in which all qualified citizens vote is said to operate
A
universal suffrage
B
a universal adult suffrage
C
A universal male suffrage
D
an unlimited suffrage
E
a limited male suffrage
Q53
Another name for the first past and the post system of voting is the
A
second ballot system
B
alternative voting method
C
simple majority method
D
single transferable voting system
E
multi-member voting method
Q54
Which of the following is not the responsibility of an electoral commission?
A
Creation of constituencies
B
Registration of voters
C
Nomination of candidates
D
Registration of political parties
E
Provision of polling booths
Q55
The Constitutional crisis resulting from the 1964 general elections in Nigeria was resolved through the
A
agreement between Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe and sir Abubakar on the nature of government to be formed
B
boycott of the election by UPGA and its supporters
C
intervention of eminent Nigerian judges
D
E
all-party constitutional review conference on the conduct of elections
Q56
The major cause of the Action Group crisis of 1962 was the
A
personal hatred of Chief Awolowo for Chief S.L Akintola, the then Premier of Western Region.
B
in-fighting between Chief S.L Akintola and Sir Adesoji Aderemi, the then Governor of Western Region.
C
poor performance of the Action Group in the 1959 general elections
D
proposal to change the party's ideology towards a socialist orientation
E
Q57
An electoral district for a local government election is a
A
senatorial district
B
ward
C
polling booth
D
constituency
E
village
Q58
Voting at elections is one of the ways to
A
maintain law and order
B
help politicians
C
be a good politician
D
ensure a representative government
E
avoid gerrymandering
Q59
Which of the following was not a feature of the 1922 elective principle in Nigeria?
A
it restricted suffrage to men
B
it confined elections to Lagos and Calabar
C
it required a property qualification worth 100.00
D
only four members were elected into the legislature council
E
British citizens were not allowed to vote
Q60
To make elections hitch-free, the electoral commision must be
A
able to punish an electoaral offender
B
given a spacious office accommodation
C
ready to help the government
D
independent of the executive
E
headed by a judge or a professor