Pressure Groups and Public Opinion Generix Content - Pressure Groups and Public Opinion
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"Pressure Groups and Public Opinion" question number distribution across years
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WAEC questions for "Government :: Pressure Groups and Public Opinion"
Q1
Which of the following systems of government is more responsive to public opinion?
A
Oligarchy
B
Republicanism
C
Plutocracy
D
Monarchy
E
Q2
A feature of pressure groups is that members
A
oppose the government
B
are in the same labor union
C
do not believe in dialogue
D
have similar interests
E
Q3
Measuring public opinion becomes highly expensive when
A
a referendum is held
B
public opinion poll is conducted
C
public debates are held
D
mass media reports are evaluated
E
Q4
An organization group which influences government decisions is a
A
political party
B
co-operative society
C
vigilante group
D
pressure group
E
Q5
When a pressure group is made up of people of the same profession, it is called
A
a promotional group
B
an interest group
C
an occupational group
D
a religious group
E
Q6
Pressure groups are also known as
A
social clubs
B
cultural organizations
C
interest groups
D
secular groups
E
Q7
Public opinion is the view held by the
A
minority
B
civil servants
C
majority
D
politicians
E
Q8
The main objectives of a pressure group is to
A
change the government
B
fund election campaigns
C
form the government
D
influence government policies
E
Q9
Public opinion can be expressed through
A
census
B
general strike
C
socialization
D
compromise
E
Q10
Promotional pressure groups usually cater for the interest of
A
all workers
B
the general public
C
non-members only
D
all professional bodies
E
Q11
The earliest agent in the following of public opinion is the
A
family
B
hospital
C
political party
D
university
E
Q12
Which of the following pressure groups does Cotton Producers' Union represent?
A
Labour
B
Economic
C
Social
D
Political
E
Q13
A major objective of a pressure group is to
A
influence policies of government
B
contest election
C
control the machinery of government
D
provide political education
E
Q14
Which of the following agents of public is the most widespread?
A
Mass media
B
The schools
C
The interest groups
D
political parties
E
Q15
An organization whose ultimate aim is to gain the control of government and implement its programmes is known as a
A
pressure group
B
political party
C
trade union
D
professional association
E
Q16
Pressure groups use all the following techniques to achieve their objectives except
A
lobbying
B
demonstrating
C
coup de'tat
D
strikes
E
Q17
The referring of a political question to the electorate for a decision is known as
A
referendum
B
election
C
mass media
D
public opinion
E
Q18
Traditional practices which can be sanctioned by public opinion when they are broken are called
A
decrees
B
local laws
C
customs
D
edicts
E
Q19
Which of the following factors limits the expression of public opinion?
A
The type of government in a state
B
The establishment of private media organizations
C
The high literacy rate of the citizens
D
Religious belief of the citizenry
E
Q20
Public opinion enables the government to
A
find what the people think about its activities
B
organize political conferences and solidarity
C
punish political opponents
D
employ more workers
E
Q21
The main objectives of pressure groups is to
A
influence the public
B
influence government decisions
C
organize strikes and demonstrations
D
criticize the government
E
Q22
A pressure group is a body of people organized for the purpose of
A
defending the nation
B
exercising political power
C
exercising influence on government
D
collecting money for charitable concerns
E
opposing all political parties
Q23
Public opinion is defined as the
A
opinion of political leaders and public officials
B
expressed views of the active and conscious citizens
C
published views of the ruling party
D
opinion of the entire citizenry
E
opinion of the uneducated public
Q24
The main objective of pressure groups is to
A
fund election campaigns
B
change the government by violent means
C
influence government policies
D
change the manifestos of all political parties
E
form the government
Q25
Lobbying mainly involves the application of pressure on
A
people in commence through monetary gifts
B
legislators through material gifts
C
people in government through persuasive arguments
D
legislators by intimidating and blackmail
E
trade unions through offer of gifts
Q26
Membership of pressure groups is usually limited because they
A
pursue specific and narrow objectives
B
seek unlimited freedom for their members
C
Promote other people's interests
D
are not patriotic
E
have dictatorial leaders
Q27
Who among the following is a civil servant in Nigeria?
A
The Managing Director of a Bank
B
Director in the Ministry of Defence
C
A major in the army
D
A commissioner of police
E
A pilot with the Nigerian Airways
Q28
Public opinion can best be defined as
A
one man's view on public issues
B
sentiments expressed on public policies
C
the sum total of popular views on public policies
D
the views of the rich expressed on public affairs
E
a body of convictions of the electorate only
Q29
A pressure group can be defined as a
A
large group interested in seizing political power
B
political party not interested in government
C
small party interested in sharing governmental power
D
sophisticated group interested in galvanization
E
group organized around an interest for governmental action
Q30
The principal aim of pressure groups is to
A
subvert the government
B
support the government
C
influence the citizen
D
influence the government
E
undertake the political education of citizens
Q31
Public opinion is crystallized through all the following except
A
Opinion polls
B
strikes
C
referenda
D
military coups
E
plebiscites
Q32
Which of the following hinders the expression of public opinion?
A
Absence of universities
B
Uniformed citizenry
C
labour Unions
D
Presence of Pressure Groups
E
Well-equipped Police Force
Q33

The Public Complaints Commission is empowered to investigate complaints and to

A

prosecute false complaints

B

report findings to appropriate authorities

C

reprimand authorities against whom complaints are made

D

refer complaints to traditional rulers

E

refer complaints to state Governors

Q34
When a pressure group is made up of people of the same profession, it is called
A
a promotional group
B
an occupational group
C
an interest group
D
a religious group
E
an associational group
Q35
Which of the following best describes public opinion?
A
opinion of the elites
B
opinion of the ruling party
C
political views of important groups
D
important political views of a large segment of the population
E
important political views of members of the opposition party
Q36
Public opinion is very important because it
A
guarantees a free press
B
protects minorities
C
tells the government what actions it must take
D
lets the government know what the people want
E
allows the police to identify the trouble makers
Q37
Which of the following is not a component of political culture?
A
Attitudes
B
Beliefs
C
Emotions
D
Age
E
Societal values
Q38
While political parties aim at forming a government, pressure groups aim at
A
imposing military rule
B
causing social unrest
C
influencing government decisions
D
controlling a nation's economy
E
uniting all workers
Q39

Which of the following is not a pressure group?

A

Nigeria's Farmers' Council

B

Nigeria Union of Teachers.

C

National party of Nigeria

D

Academic Staff Union of the Universities

E

Nigerian Medical Association