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"Organs of Government" question number distribution across years
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WAEC questions for "Government :: Organs of Government"
Q1
The head of the judicial arm of government is known as
A
Chief justice
B
Attorney-General
C
a judge
D
an advocate
E
Q2
The implementation of government policies is carried out by the
A
Legislature
B
Judiciary
C
Ombudsman
D
Executive
E
Q3
A system whereby there is only one legislative chamber parliament is referred to as
A
unicameral legislature
B
confederal legislature
C
monarchical legislature
D
bi-cameral legislature
E
Q4
The primary function of the judiciary is to
A
make laws
B
enforce laws
C
interpret laws
D
maintain law and order
E
Q5
Establishment of an independent judiciary is a way of safeguarding citizens'
A
rights
B
obligations
C
privileges
D
education
E
Q6
The power to pardon ant citizen charged with any criminal offense lies with the
A
legislature
B
executive
C
human rights organization
D
judiciary
E
Q7
The police performs all the following functions except
A
public execution of law breakers
B
controlling and directing traffic
C
protection of the life and property
D
enforcement of law and order
E
Q8
The number of chambers in a bicameral legislature is
A
four
B
three
C
two
D
one
E
Q9
In the legislature, a filibuster is one who
A
is incharge of party discipline
B
presents party bills during parliamentary sessions
C
does not take part in law making
D
prevents the passage of a bill making long speeches
E
Q10
The verdicts of judges which are binding on lower courts are called judicial
A
orders
B
precedents
C
council
D
oaths
E
Q11
The Judicial organ of government is the body which
A
initiates bills
B
interprets the law
C
makes law
D
maintains law and order
E
Q12
A unicameral legislature has
A
two Houses
B
one House
C
three Houses
D
one Head of State
E
Q13
One of the functions of a Party Whip in the Legislature is to
A
punish erring members of the party in the House
B
ensure that members are present during important sessions
C
ensure that the House is properly dissolved
D
lead the minority party in the House debate
E
Q14
The judiciary is an organ of government which
A
rules the country according to laws
B
makes laws for the country
C
gives legal backing to government's budget
D
settles disputes in accordance with the laws of the land
E
Q15
To promote justice in a state, judges must
A
belong to the ruling party
B
punish people who oppose them
C
enjoy security of tenure of office
D
not socialize with the people
E
Q16
The institution through which governments discharge responsibilities is known as
A
organs of government
B
pressure groups
C
political parties
D
National assembly
E
Q17
The primary function of the executive is to
A
interpret laws
B
punish law breakers
C
make laws
D
implement government policies
E
Q18
Independence of the judiciary connotes that
A
judges must be allowed to participate in politics
B
court judges are free to administer oaths of office
C
judiciary must not be involved in law-making
D
judges must be free from any influence
E
Q19
The organs of government which are normally fused in a military regime are the
A
civil service and judiciary
B
legislature and the executive
C
executive and civil service
D
judiciary and legislature
E
Q20
The law-making body in Nigeria is called the
A
Congress
B
Praesidum
C
National Assembly
D
Parliament
E
Q21
The independence of the judiciary is meant to
A
protects the rights of the judges
B
safeguard the liberties of individuals
C
enable judges enact laws at will
D
allow judges to participate in partisan politics
E
Q22
A representative government is one in which
A
the executive controls the judiciary
B
half of the parliament is popularly elected
C
traditional rulers form the majority in parliament
D
the ultimate power resides with the people
E
Q23
Which of the following formulates and implements government policy?
A
Judiciary
B
Labour
C
Executive
D
Police
E
Q24
Judicial independence means that the courts are independent of the
A
Civil Service and the Bar
B
Executive and the Legislature
C
Legislative and Ministry of Justice
D
Executive and the Military
E
Q25
Apart from making laws, the legislature has the important function of
A
implementing executive decisions
B
advising the judiciary
C
appointing the civil servants
D
checking the executive powers
E
Q26
Which of the following is a demerit of bicameral legislature?
A
The scope of political participation is limited
B
passing of bills into acts is delayed
C
no safeguard for the minority groups
D
There is tendency for despotic rule
E
Q27
In Nigeria, the concurrent list of power belongs to the
A
local authorities only
B
executive, the judiciary and the legislature
C
federal and state governments
D
state and local governments
E
Q28
The powers allocated to the central government in a federation are contained in the
A
central legislative list
B
exclusive legislative list
C
residual list
D
concurrent legislative list
E
Q29
The Nigerian federal legislative is called the
A
senate
B
congress
C
national assembly
D
House of representatives
E
Q30
The bill introduced by a member of the legislature is known as
A
a private member's bill
B
an executive bill
C
a state bill
D
a political party's bill
E
Q31
Judicial review means the process by which
A
judges review past court decisions and judgement
B
the court determine the constitutionality of the actions of rulers
C
judicial precedents are implemented
D
the courts settle dispute between citizens and government
E
Q32
Which of the following controls government expenditure?
A
The Courts
B
The Police
C
The Treasury
D
The public
E
Q33
The life of the legislative comes to an end during
A
prorogation
B
adjournment
C
dissolution
D
the end of a session
E
Q34
The legislature of a federal system of government is usually
A
unicameral
B
multicameral
C
bicameral
D
rigid
E
flexible
Q35
The Executive arm of government refers to a body which
A
supervises councilors
B
makes laws
C
administers the law
D
supervise elections
E
interprets the law
Q36
Which of the following methods can be used the Legislative to check the Executive in a presidential system?
A
Dissolution
B
Delegated Legislation
C
Court Injuction
D
Impeachment
E
Devolution
Q37

An important reason for granting the judiciary the power of Judicial Review is to enable it to

A

up-hold the supremacy of the constitution

B

promote freedom of the press

C

elevated the Judiciary above the other organs

D

demonstrate the Independence of the judiciary

E

allow judges free hand in their judicial functions

Q38
The judiciary is independent when judges are
A
popularly elected into political offices
B
free to join any political party of their choice
C
free from external control and interference
D
empowered to amend the national constitution
E
absolutely free to control the Executive and Legislature
Q39
Which of the following comprises the President, the Ministers, the Civil Servants and the police? The
A
Armed Forces
B
Judiciary
C
Legislature
D
Executive
E
Council of states
Q40

The scrutiny and ratification of major executive decisions by the legislature is an application of

A

the rule of law

B

separation of powers

C

delegated legislation

D

fusion of powers

E

checks and balances

Q41
Question Time in the legislature affords members the ability to
A
raise important questions outside the agenda
B
challenge court decisions
C
execute government policies
D
ask more question
E
criticize government policies
Q42
Which organ of government is vested with the responsibility of initiating bills and recommending them to the legislature for consideration? The
A
Federal House of Representatives
B
Executive
C
Congress
D
Senate
E
Judiciary
Q43
The Independence of the judiciary can be enhanced in all the following cases except where
A
judges are granted special immunity
B
judges are paid handsome remuneration
C
judges are politically neutral
D
the salaries of judges are drawn from a consolidated fund
E
the President is also the chief judge
Q44
A representative government can be established through
A
a general election
B
a military coup
C
an imposition
D
espionage
E
apartheid
Q45
Delegated legislation is suitable for
A
relieving the parliament of its workload
B
enthroning the rule of law
C
ensuring the fusion of power
D
checking the executive arm of government
E
safeguarding the citizen's liberty
Q46

The Executive is a body that

A

formulates and implements the policies of government.

B

executes armed robbers

C

is the most important arm of government

D

executes contracts.

E

interpretes the law.

Q47
The existence of the exclusive, residual and concurrent Legislative lists means that the Nigerian State is
A
presidential
B
military
C
unitary
D
parliamentary
E
federal
Q48
One way by which the legislative checks the executive is by
A
delaying the promotion of some ministers
B
ordering the dismissal of corrupt cabinet ministers
C
withholding the salaries of ministers
D
demanding the review of executive action
E
appealing to the supreme court
Q49
The judiciary can only be independent when
A
law and order are maintained
B
people obey laws
C
the executive arm performs its duties
D
there is security of tenure of office for judges
E
it is headed by an independent citizen
Q50
One of the criticisms against delegated legislation is that it
A
gives too much power to all organs of government
B
enhances separation of power
C
encroaches on parliamentary power
D
is not practiced in advanced countries
E
is only practices in large countries
Q51
When a high court declares an action of the executive ultra-vires it means that
A
the executive has to reconsider the action
B
such an action should never be brought up again
C
Only the legislature can deal with such an action
D
the action is illegal and no effect
E
a vote of no confidence has been passed on the executive by the judiciary
Q52
Which of the following is not a function of the executive arm of government?
A
Interpretation of law
B
Preparation of budget
C
Appointment of top government functionaries
D
Enforcement of law
E
Formulation of policy
Q53
Judiciary independence means that
A
Judges are above the law
B
judges can do no wrong
C
the judiciary is responsible to the people
D
judges are not influenced in the discharge of their duties
E
the judiciary is the supreme organ of the state
Q54
The act of influencing legislation by persuading legislators is known as
A
electioneering
B
Lobbying
C
Gerrymandering
D
Socialization
E
Indoctrination
Q55
All the following are features of a representative government except
A
Military rule
B
equality of rights
C
legitimacy of government
D
periodic election
E
secession
Q56
Under a presidential system of government, the Chief Executive is accountable to the
A
Legislature
B
Executive
C
Judiciary
D
Senate
E
Electorate
Q57
Which of the following is not a function of the police?
A
Enacting Laws
B
Controlling Traffic
C
protecting public places
D
arresting criminals
E
Prosecuting criminals in law courts
Q58
The main function of the judiciary is to
A
serve as the watch-dog of the executive
B
enact laws
C
execute the laws of the lands
D
interpret the laws
E
protect the interest of the accused persons
Q59
In which system of Government does the state require the control of everything and allows no opposition?
A
Feudalism
B
Capitalism
C
Totalitarianism
D
Communism
E
Socialism
Q60
The first elected presidents of Nigeria was
A
Dr. Nnamdi Azikikwe
B
Alhaji Shehu Shagari
C
Alhaji Tafawa Balewa
D
Alhaji Aminu Kano
E
Dr. Joseph Wayas