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"Basic concepts and Principles of Government" question number distribution across years
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WAEC questions for "Government :: Basic concepts and Principles of Government"
Q1
Government can be made responsible and accountable to its citizens through the following methods except
A
periodic change of government
B
demonstration
C
political education
D
public opinion
E
Q2
Power can be described as the
A
ability of legislature to delegate its right of law making to another body
B
ability of the executive to encourage pressure group to go on strike
C
capacity of the government to encourage communities to embark on self-help projects
D
capacity to compel or influence others to act in a certain way
E
Q3
Nazism was practiced in
A
Britain under Churchill
B
the United States under Woodrow Wilson
C
Germany under Adolf Hitler
D
Spain under General Francio
E
Q4
Fascism can best be described as the
A
government of a state controlled by a multi-party
B
system of government controlled by the armed forces
C
existence of a single party dictatorship with a life president
D
existence of an elected president for fixed term
E
Q5
Totalitarianism implies the control of government by
A
coalition parties
B
parties in succession
C
a few elite
D
a dictator
E
Q6
Which of the following countries practiced totalitarian system of government before the Second World War?
A
Britain and France
B
Germany and Italy
C
The United States and Canada
D
Turkey and India
E
Q7
The subordinate class of people in the social hierarchy of a feudal system is the
A
lords
B
vassals
C
nobles
D
armed forces
E
Q8
The doctrine of the rule of laws is credited to
A
J.J Rousseau
B
John Locke
C
A.V Dicey
D
Thomas Hobbes
E
Q9
Equality before the law is a principle of
A
separation of powers
B
checks and balances
C
collective responsibility
D
rule of law
E
Q10
Which of the following is a limitation to the doctrine of rule of law?
A
Diplomatic immunity
B
Private ownership of property
C
Rights of enlightened citizens
D
Political authority of the executive
E
Q11
The principle of checks and balances is aimed at
A
allowing for a fusion of powers among the organs of government
B
preventing any organ of government from performing its duties
C
allowing for total independence of the three organs of government
D
preventing any organ of government from becoming too powerful
E
Q12
A true representative government is one that
A
resist freedom of movement
B
recognizes unlimited franchise
C
observes customs ant tradition
D
allows devolution of governmental powers
E
Q13
The principle which requires members of the executive to resign when a governmental proposal is defeated in the parliament is known as
A
delegated legislation
B
individual responsibility
C
devolution powers
D
collective responsibility
E
Q14
A system of government in which positions are acquired through popular elections is known as
A
fascism
B
confederalism
C
monarchy
D
republicanism
E
Q15
A monarchy refers to
A
getting political office by election
B
capturing political office by force
C
selection into office by a Council of State
D
hereditary right to a political office
E
Q16
A State performs the following functions except
A
promoting the welfare of the citizens
B
encouraging the struggle for power
C
providing social services
D
encouraging trade with other states
E
Q17
Power can be defined as the ability to
A
compel or influence obedience
B
encourage self-help projects
C
delegate judicial functions
D
oppose government policies
E
Q18
Which of the following groups has a compulsory membership?
A
community
B
state
C
society
D
club
E
Q19
A government which has ability to compel its citizens to obedience is said to be exercising
A
authority
B
coercion
C
power
D
legitimacy
E
Q20
A government's supreme power to demand obedience from its citizens demonstrates the notion of
A
rule of law
B
parliamentary supremacy
C
sovereignty
D
separation of powers
E
Q21
Nazism is a political ideology which emphasized
A
supremacy of race
B
collective racial consciousness
C
communal racial consciousness
D
equality of all races
E
Q22
In a unitary state, sovereignty resides in the
A
political parties
B
provincial government
C
central government
D
pressure group
E
Q23
Which of the following negates the principle of the rule of law?
A
independence of the judiciary
B
Trial by a jury
C
immunity of some citizens
D
Trials in open courts
E
Q24
the principle of rule of law can be defined as
A
supremacy of the national assembly
B
subordination of the legislature to the judiciary
C
supremacy of the law over all the people in a state
D
supreme authority of traditional rulers
E
Q25
Which of the following is not a delegated legislation?
A
statutory instruments
B
Bye laws
C
Orders-in-Council
D
Public opinion
E
Q26
Which of the following is not an aim for the existence of a State?
A
Promotion of economic independence
B
Provision of welfare services
C
Maintenance of external relations
D
Promotion of a common lingual franc a
E
Q27
Right to rule based on norms, customs and conventions of the people is referred to as
A
legal authority
B
charismatic authority
C
rational authority
D
traditional authority
E
Q28
The scholar who defined sovereignty as an absolute power vested in one authority was
A
A.V Dicey
B
Jean Bodin
C
John Austin
D
B. Montesquieu
E
Q29
Political sovereignty belongs to the
A
press
B
people
C
legislative
D
executive
E
Q30
Direct democracy emanated from the
A
Greeks
B
Romans
C
Germans
D
Americans
E
Q31
Production and distribution of goods and services are controlled by the State in
A
capitalism
B
mixed economy
C
socialism
D
communalism
E
Q32
The two major factors that contributed to the development of capitalism were
A
emergence of the Protest Reformation and paper money
B
the emergence of Adolf Hitler and the First World War
C
the theory of individual Rights and the Industrial Revolution in Britain
D
the First World War and the Atlantic Charter of 1941
E
Q33
Which of the following is a feature of capitalism?
A
Removal of social inequalities
B
Equitable re-distribution of property
C
Maximization of profit
D
Protection of workers
E
Q34
In a capitalist state, the society is popularized into the
A
Christians and the Muslims
B
government and the workers
C
bourgeoisie and the proletariat
D
diligent people and lazy people
E
Q35
A system of government in which political leadership is based on land ownership is
A
communism
B
feudalism
C
capitalism
D
socialism
E
Q36
The highest stage of socialism is
A
fascism
B
communalism
C
communism
D
feudalism
E
Q37
Communism was popularized by
A
Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels
B
Max Weber and Aristotle
C
Plato and Socrates
D
Harold Laski and Jean Bodin
E
Q38
A classless society is obtainable in
A
communism
B
capitalism
C
feudalism
D
plutocracy
E
Q39
The Fascist State in Europe was
A
Italy
B
German
C
Japan
D
Britain
E
Q40
Communalism ensures that everybody within the society is provided
A
a means of transportation
B
with a chieftancy title
C
with a formal education
D
a land to farm
E
Q41
The political way of life which is developed by the society is referred to as
A
communalism
B
political culture
C
agency of socialization
D
political socialization
E
Q42
A political aware and active society is said to have a
A
subjective political culture
B
participatory political culture
C
parochial political culture
D
evaluate political culture
E
Q43
Fundamental Human Rights can defined as
A
freedoms enshrined in the constitution
B
the provisions of the constitution of the ruling political party
C
the provisions of the local government constitution
D
regulations about workers welfare
E
Q44
Devolution of power is associated with a
A
decentralized political system
B
feudal political system
C
totalitarian political system
D
centralized political system
E
Q45
Which of the following is a benefit of the principle of checks and balances? it
A
enables the executives to exercise absolute power
B
encourages loyalty of the judiciary to the executive
C
rules out disagreement among the organs of government
D
prevents domination of one organ of government by another
E
Q46
The degree of centralization is high in a
A
unitary system of government
B
federal system of government
C
confederal system of government
D
representative government
E
Q47
One feature of a Unitary State is
A
the large size of the country
B
high level of economic development
C
absence of constitutional division of power to the units
D
presence of heterogeneous groups
E
Q48
An essential feature of a state is
A
availability of mineral resources
B
developed infrastructure
C
an organized system of laws
D
developed markets
E
Q49
The modern idea of democracy includes all the following except
A
unlimited freedom
B
civil liberty
C
periodic elections
D
equality before the law
E
Q50
The two components of sovereignty are
A
influence and political authority
B
Political culture and political socialization
C
legal and political independence
D
political and economic development
E
Q51
The modern concept of the rule of law was introduced by
A
K . C Wheare
B
A.V Dicey
C
Otto Von Bismarck
D
Justice Holmes
E
Q52
Which of the following principles negates the concept of the rule of law?
A
Supremacy of the law
B
Prevention of arbitrariness in authority
C
Equality before the law
D
Exercise of absolute power by the President
E
Q53
Another name for Totalitarianism is
A
Socialism
B
Capitalism
C
Communism
D
Authoritarianism
E
Q54
The concept of Separation of powers was popularized by
A
Nicholo Machiavelli
B
A.V Dicey
C
Baron de Montesquieu
D
Harold Laski
E
Q55
Which of the following does not have the power of delegated legislation?
A
A Minister
B
Market Men and Women Association
C
State Government
D
Registered Professional Bodies
E
Q56
The concept of decentralization includes all the following elements except
A
deconcentration
B
devolution
C
delimitation
D
delegation
E
Q57
In monarchy, the Head of State is usually
A
a military ruler
B
the chief justice
C
the speaker of the legislature
D
a hereditary ruler
E
Q58
Sovereignty ultimately resides in
A
the people within a political society
B
a country's chief executive
C
the judges of the Supreme Court
D
traditional rulers
E
Q59
Classical democracy implies governance
A
through representatives
B
by all citizens
C
through electoral college
D
by martial laws
E
Q60
Which of the following is not a feature of a democratic system of government?
A
Limited franchise
B
Official elections
C
Periodic elections
D
Rule of law
E