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"Regional geography of Nigeria" question number distribution across years
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WAEC questions for "Geography :: Regional geography of Nigeria"
Q1
Which of the following is a major trading sea route between Nigeria and Western Europe?
A
The North Atlantic.
B
The Trans-Pacific.
C
The Cape.
D
The Panama Canal.
E
Q2
The most important method of mining tin in Nigeria is the
A
shaft.
B
open cast.
C
drillinh.
D
adit.
E
Q3
The climate of Nigeria is characterized by
A
continuous season.
B
two seasons.
C
three seasons.
D
four seasons.
E
Q4
All of the following are found in Nigeria except
A
coal.
B
bauxite.
C
tin ore.
D
columbite.
E
Q5
Which of the following occupations is not common among the peoples of southern coastlands of Nigeria?
A
Fishing.
B
Lumbering.
C
Trading.
D
Cattle rearing.
E
Q6
A major hazard to both human and aquatic life in some coastal areas of Nigeria is
A
air pollution.
B
overfishing.
C
desalination of sea water.
D
oil spillage.
E
Q7

Nigeria is located between longitudes

A

3E and 15E.

B

2E and 15E.

C

1E and 10E.

D

3E and 10E.

E
Q8

The Shiroro gorge can be found on River

A

Imo.

B

Sokoto.

C

Benue.

D

Kaduna.

E
Q9
The tourist centre of Ogbunike cave is located near
A
Kainji in Niger State.
B
Yankari in Bauchi State.
C
Ikeja in Lagos State.
D
Onitsha in Anambra State.
E
Q10
All the following major industrial zones of Nigeria owe their origin mainly to
A
self-help projects.
B
influx of migrant labour.
C
the presence of cash crops.
D
the abundance of water resources.
E
Q11
A major problem in agricultural development in Nigeria is
A
insufficient labour.
B
the presence of equatorial forest.
C
insufficient storage facilities.
D
the application of fertilizer instead of manure.
E
Q12
In Northern Nigeria, the most common type of vegetation is
A
cool temperate forest.
B
temperate grassland.
C
tropical rain forest.
D
tropical grassland.
E
Q13
The bulk of Nigerian timber is obtained from the
A
Sudan savannah.
B
Rain forest.
C
Guinea savannah.
D
Salt water swamp forest.
E
Q14
The most common environmental problem in the Niger Delta is
A
deforestation.
B
aridity.
C
coastal flooding.
D
vulcanicity.
E
Q15

The bulk of Nigeria's timber is exploited from the

A

Mountain vegetation.

B

Rain forest.

C

Guinea savanna.

D
E
Q16
Nigeria's most trading partners include
A
Britain, U.S.A. Germany and Japan.
B
Britain, Ghana, Japan and South Africa.
C
Belgium, Germany, Japan and Liberia.
D
U.S.A, Belgium, The Gambia and Japan.
E
Q17
The Lagos-Kano railway crosses the River Niger at
A
Markudi.
B
Kontangora.
C
Jebba.
D
Lokoja.
E
Q18
One major problem of development in the Niger-Benue trough is
A
inadequate rainfall.
B
very high relief.
C
desert encroachment.
D
inadequate water supply.
E
excessive flooding.
Q19
which of the following modes of transportation in Nigeria is limited by weather?
A
Water.
B
Pipeline.
C
Road.
D
Air.
E
Rail.
Q20
Irrigation farming is highly practised in Northern Nigeria because of the
A
abundant plains cultivation.
B
limited market for its product.
C
inadequate rainfall and presence of may rivers.
D
good roads and abundant capital.
E
skilled labour and and love for vegetables.
Q21

One important consequence of the location of Nigeria between latitudes 4 and 14 North of the Equator is that she

A

enjoys a hot, wet, tropical climate.

B

has the north-easterly winds prevailing throughout the year.

C

receives rain fall throughout the year.

D

has a luxuriant vegetation.

E

enjoy land and sea breeze.

Q22

Which of the following is true of manufacturing industries in Nigeria?

A

Most of them produce consumer goods .

B

Large quantities of their products are exported.

C

They depend entirely on local rwa materials.

D

They were established in pre-colonial times.

E

They are evenly distributed throughout the country.

Q23

Trade among West Africa countries is less developed mainly because

A

they were ruled by different colonial powers which created a barrier to communication.

B

the products of one country are basically similar to those of the other.

C

there are no international railway lines to transport the bulky items of trade across the borders.

D

of ethnic sentiments of people in one country against the other.

E

no West African country has surpluses of commodities to export to the other countries.

Q24
Which of the following factors least explains the variations in the natural vegetation cover in Nigeria.
A
Temperature.
B
Rainfall.
C
Relief.
D
Soil.
E
Man.
Q25
The major effect of flooding in Nigeria is the
A
increase in the volume of water available for domestic use.
B
high yield per hectare of agricultural land.
C
cooling of adjacent areas.
D
destruction of farms and houses.
E
dumping of refuse along river channels.
Q26
Which of the following zones in Nigeria has the least concentration of manufacturing industries?
A
North-Central.
B
Western.
C
Mid-Western.
D
South-Eastern.
E
North-Western.
Q27
The Niger-Benue trough of Nigeria is underlain mainly by
A
crystalline rocks.
B
younger sedimentary rocks.
C
older sedimentary rocks.
D
basement complex rocks.
E
volcanic rocks.
Q28
Which of the following towns is paired with wrong environment hazard?
A
kano-Earthquake.
B
Enugu-gully erosion.
C
Akure-Deforestation.
D
Maiduguri-Desert encroachment.
E
Lagos-Flooding.
Q29

A specialised mode of transportation used in carrying coal from Enugu to Oji River is the

A

pipeline.

B

transmission line.

C

rope way.

D

rail cart.

E

jumbo plane.

Q30

Which of the geographical regions of Nigeria contains volcanic plugs, inselbergs and crater lake?

A

Eastern scarplands.

B

Western highlands.

C

North-central highland.

D

Eastern highlands.

E

Chad Basin.

Q31

The location of the oil refinary at Kaduna is best explained by the

A

deliberate government policy and market.

B

presence of power supply and market.

C

availability of raw material and capital.

D

adequate transportation and labour.

E

presence of power supply and market.

Q32
All the following statements are true of the savannah vegetation in Nigeria except that the
A
trees are deciduous.
B
trees have thick water-storing trunks.
C
trees have long tap root systems.
D
grasses are tall and luxuriant in the wet season.
E
trees occur in pure stands.
Q33
The Muturu type of cattle is reared mainly in the western highland region of Nigeria because
A
it has no hump.
B
of the harsh weather of the North-central highlands.
C
it is resistant to tsetse flies.
D
of the luxuriant pasture there.
E
it produces a lot of milk.
Q34

One important consequence of the location of Nigeria between latitudes 40 and 140 North of the Equator is that

A

some parts of the country enjoy a hot, wet, tropical climate throughout the year.

B

the south westerly winds blow only across the coastal areas.

C

all parts of the country receive rainfall throughout the year.

D

all parts of the country have a luxuriant vegetation.

E

the northern part of the country enjoys land and sea breezes.

Q35
Jos has a heavier rainfall than the other towns on the same latitude in Nigeria because it
A
has lower temperatures.
B
is located on the windward side of a plateau
C
is located near the coast.
D
is located on the path of descending winds.
E
is located in the equatorial region.
Q36
The most important area for lumbering in Nigeria is found in the
A
Benin-Obudu-Yola region.
B
Ibadan-Benin-Port Harcourt region.
C
Lagos-Port Harcourt-Calabar region.
D
Minna-Lokoja-Makurdi region.
E
Chad Basin.
Q37
Jebba, Lokoja and Onitsha are examples of
A
packet stations.
B
railway stations.
C
sea ports.
D
river ports.
E
entrepots.
Q38
Which of the following is true of manufacturing industries in Nigeria?
A
Most of them produce consumer goods.
B
Large quantities of their products are exported.
C
They depend totally on local raw materials.
D
They were established in pre-colonial times.
E
They are evenly distributed throughout the country.
Q39
The low level of economic development of the Eastern Scarp lands of Nigeria is due to its
A
rugged topography.
B
overpopulation.
C
high temperature.
D
thick vegetation.
E
low rainfall.
Q40
Which of the following is the characteristic pattern of rural settlements in the Western Highlands to Nigeria.
A
Linear.
B
Dispersed.
C
Satellite.
D
Elongated.
E
Nucleated.
Q41
Which of the following regions in Nigeria has an average height of over 100 meters above sea level?
A
Biu Plateau.
B
North-Central Highlands.
C
Adamawa Highlands.
D
Udi-Plateau.
E
Western Highlands.
Q42
The development of hydro-electric power in Nigeria is least affected by the
A
rapid, increase in demand for electricity.
B
a regular supply of water.
C
availability of suitable sites for dams.
D
presence of high mountains.
E
high cost of transportation.
Q43
Which of the following best explains the drift of population from rural areas to the cities in Nigeria?
A
The cost of living in the cities is very high.
B
There are more job opportunities in the cities.
C
There is food scarcity in the rural areas.
D
Better recreational facilities are available in the cities.
E
Opportunities for higher education are only available in the cities.
Q44
Which of the following least influences population density in Nigeria?
A
Mining.
B
Fertile agricultural land.
C
Thick forest vegetation.
D
Tsetse fly infestation.
E
Industrialization.
Q45
Which of the following least contributed to the growth of Ibadan?
A
was a collection centre within the cocoa belt.
B
was a route junction.
C
had various industries.
D
has been a great political influence since the 19th century.
E
was situated on a hill.
Q46
Which of the following geographical regions of Nigeria covers one-fifth of the country and has a generally flat surface dotted with granitic hills? The
A
North-Central highlands
B
Western highlands.
C
North-Eastern highlands
D
Southern coastlands.
E
Cross River basin.
Q47
The location of iron and steel industry at Ajaokuta in Nigeria is best explained by the presence of I. iron ore at itakpe. II. limestone at Ewekoro III. river port at Lokoja. IV. coal at Orukpa and Okaba.
A
I and II only.
B
I and IV only.
C
II, III and IV only.
D
II and IV only.
E
III and IV only.
Q48
Port Harcourt is a typical example of
A
Confluence town
B
Gap town
C
Satellite town
D
Terminal town
E
Nodal town
Q49
The roots of trees in the mangrove forest of Nigeria are aerial because
A
they are not water loving.
B
they try to conserve water.
C
they need more air than water.
D
the water is too shallow.
E
it makes their felling easy.
Q50

Wheat can be grown in large quantities in all the following states except?

A

Kwara.

B

Oyo.

C

Plateau.

D

Rivers.

E

Adamawa.

Q51
Most imports to Nigeria are
A
perishables.
B
raw materials.
C
primary products.
D
consumer goods.
E
pharmaceuticals.
Q52
All of the following are predominantly good fishermen except the
A
Fanti.
B
Ewe.
C
Wolof.
D
Nupe.
E
Ijaw.
Q53
The shiroro H.E.P. station is located on the River
A
Gongola.
B
Shiroro.
C
Niger.
D
Kaduna.
E
Benue.
Q54
The major effect of drought in Nigeria is
A
the increased solar energy.
B
population migration.
C
the increased harvest yield per hectare.
D
temperature inversion.
E
the rapid development of cities in the north.
Q55
One consequence of Nigeria's over-dependence on petroleum is
A
competition from other OPEC members.
B
increased importation of food items.
C
increase in world oil prices.
D
discovery of new trading partners.
E
increased local use of petroleum products.
Q56

The longitudinal extent of Nigeria is

A

8.

B

10.

C

12.

D

14.

E

16.

Q57

All the following highlands in Nigeria are composed of basement complex rocks except the

A

North-central highlands.

B

Western highlands.

C

Udi-Nsukka plateau.

D

Eastern highlands.

E

Obudu plateau.

Q58
The greatest hydro-electric power potential in Nigeria is found in the
A
Sokoto plains.
B
Niger-Benue trough
C
Cross river Basin
D
Chad Basin
E
Eastern Highlands.
Q59

Which of the following regions in Nigeria is not sparsly populated? The

A

Niger delta.

B

Sahel region of Borno state.

C

Muri plains of the Middle Benue Valley.

D

Eastern scarpland.

E

Eastern bordelands.

Q60

Thermal electricity is produced in all the following area except

A

Afam.

B

Oji.

C

Kainji.

D

Sapele.

E

Lagos.