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"Geography of Africa" question number distribution across years
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WAEC questions for "Geography :: Geography of Africa"
Q1
Africa's largest timber producer is
A
Zaire.
B
Ghana.
C
Nigeria.
D
Malawi.
E
Q2
The longest river in Africa is River
A
Congo.
B
Zambesi.
C
Senegal.
D
Nile.
E
Q3
The most common mode of transportation in Africa is
A
air.
B
rail.
C
ocean.
D
road.
E
Q4
All the following are problems of mining in Africa except
A
use of obsolete technology.
B
inadequate foreign capital.
C
shortage of power.
D
inadequate unskilled labour.
E
Q5
Which of the following is not a favourable factor for tourism development in West Africa?
A
Highlands, rocks and beaches.
B
Abundance of wildlife.
C
Ineffective publicity.
D
Improved communication facilities.
E
Q6
The largest man-made lake in Africa is
A
Volta.
B
Tana.
C
Malawi.
D
Kainji.
E
Q7
Africa's exploitation of solar energy will result in the following except
A
less amount of solar energy received by plants for photosynthesis.
B
savings in liquid fuel.
C
savings on electricity cost.
D
reduction in the use of fuel wood.
E
Q8
Which of the following mountains is not in Africa?
A
Tibesti.
B
Atlas.
C
Andes.
D
Ruwenzon.
E
Q9
All the following are associated with rainfall in Africa except
A
movement of the ITCZ.
B
convectional nature of hot tropic air.
C
movement of moist air masses over higher ground.
D
on shore movement of cold air.
E
Q10
Which of the following is a landlocked country?
A
Ghana.
B
Tunisia.
C
Burundi.
D
South Africa.
E
Q11
Which of the following countries is a major producer of copper?
A
Chad.
B
Zambia.
C
Burundi.
D
Morocco.
E
Q12
Which of the following African countries does not export petroleum?
A
Nigeria.
B
Libya.
C
Kenya.
D
Botswana.
E
Q13
The Sahel savannah vegetation is predominantly found in
A
Cote d'Ivoire.
B
Mauritania.
C
Morocco.
D
Sierra Leone.
E
Q14
The largest off-shore Island in Africa is the
A
Island of Madagascar.
B
Canary Island.
C
St. Helena Island.
D
Cape Verde Island.
E
Q15
Which of the following is not a capital city of an ECOWAS State?
A
Nairobi.
B
Lome.
C
Dakar.
D
Bissau.
E
Q16
Which of the following is not a problem of timber exploitation in Tropical Africa?
A
Inadequate transport facilities.
B
Trees not in pure stands.
C
Difficult terrain.
D
Heavy rainfall.
E
Q17
The greatest problem associated with cattle rearing in West Africa is
A
inadequate capital.
B
the absence of high quality cattle.
C
insufficient market.
D
the presence of tse-tse fly.
E
Q18
Which of these African countries is noted for lumbering?
A
Chad
B
Uganda
C
Zaire (DRC)
D
Kenya
E
Q19
Which of the following is a major hindrance to HEP production in Africa?
A
Inadequate capital.
B
Unavailability of good sites.
C
Absence of a domestic market.
D
Sufficient volume of water.
E
Q20
The most difficult problem facing lumbering in Zaire is that the
A
woods are too hard and difficult to process.
B
logs are too heavy to be moved to the sawmills.
C
economic trees are not found in pure stands.
D
other countries are competing with Zaire in lumbering activities.
E
Q21
Which of the following ports has the best natural harbour in West Africa?
A
Lagos.
B
Freetown.
C
Banjul.
D
Takoradi.
E
Q22
The high population density in the coastal areas of West Africa can best be explained by
A
its rugged relief.
B
the concentration of industries in the area.
C
presence of sandy soils.
D
its inaccessibility.
E
Q23
Market gardening refers to the growing of vegetables.
A
near a swampy area.
B
in a small village.
C
in a highland area.
D
around large towns.
E
Q24
The climate of equatorial regions of West Africa is characterized by
A
Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring.
B
Short dry season and short wet season.
C
Two rainy seasons with a short dry season in between.
D
Summer and Winter.
E
Q25
Which of the following countries is the leading producer of petroleum?
A
Algeria.
B
Libya.
C
Egypt.
D
Gabon.
E
Q26
Pastoral nomadism is practised in the Savannah areas of West Africa by the
A
Fulani.
B
Massai.
C
Turkana.
D
Tuareg.
E
Q27
The low level of trade among African countries is due to
A
the high level of technology in the countries.
B
similarity of products.
C
the high demand for home-made products.
D
liberalization of trade.
E
Q28
Which of the following countries is not a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)?
A
Cameroun
B
Mali.
C
Niger.
D
Burkina Faso.
E
Q29
Trade among West African countries is low mainly because they
A
are generally poor.
B
have different currencies.
C
produce different goods.
D
produce similar goods.
E
Q30
Which of the following is not a cause of desertification in West Africa?
A
Constant high temperature.
B
Deforestation.
C
Over cultivation.
D
Overgrazing.
E
Q31
The most important cash crop grown in the Nile Basin is
A
barley.
B
cotton.
C
groundnut.
D
sugar cane.
E
Q32
The leading producer of diamond in Africa is
A
Zaire (democratic republic of Congo).
B
Nigeria.
C
Tanzania.
D
The Gambia.
E
Q33
The benefits to be derived by ECOWAS member countries include all the following except
A
free movement of people across member countries.
B
territorial expansion.
C
free flow of capital.
D
the creation of large market.
E
Q34
The largest city in Africa South of the Sahara is
A
Ibadan.
B
Accra
C
Lusaka
D
Johannesburg
E
Q35
The initial problems of rail and road developement in Africa were due primarily to the
A
dense population.
B
inadequate mineral resources.
C
difficult physical environment.
D
insufficient agricultural resources.
E
Q36
The largest producer of gold in West Africa is
A
Nigeria.
B
The Gambia.
C
Sierra Leone.
D
Ghana.
E
Q37
The coastline of West Africa in Liberia and Ghana especially near Monrovia and Sekondi respectively is an example of
A
delta.
B
low cliff.
C
rias.
D
estuary.
E
Q38
Which of the following countries is located in North Africa.
A
Zaire.
B
Ruwanda.
C
Namibia.
D
Algeria.
E
Q39
The major problem facing the utilization of human resources in west Africa is
A
soil infertility
B
housing for all by the year 2000.
C
unemployment.
D
emigration.
E
Q40
The most limiting factor in the factor in the establishment of manufacturing industries in Tropical Africa is
A
climate.
B
capital.
C
land.
D
market.
E
Q41
Which of the following best explains the presence of the Namib Desert in South-West Africa?
A
The area is too far from the sea.
B
The coast is washed by the westerlies.
C
The area is far from Kalahara desert.
D
The coast is washed by the cool Benguela current.
E
Q42
The best solution to the rapid depletion of forest resources in West Africa is to
A
reserve hectares of land for plantations.
B
introduce forest conservation techniques.
C
import wood from other countries.
D
employ more forest guards.
E
Q43
The Akwapim-Togo Ridge is a constitution of the
A
Guinea highlands.
B
Bandiagara escarpment.
C
Plateau of Burkina Faso.
D
Uplands of Western Nigeria.
E
Q44
Most of the copper exported from the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) is produced in and around
A
Kinshasa.
B
Lubumbashi.
C
Kabinda.
D
Kissangani.
E
Q45

The southernmost latitude in Africa is approximately

A

20S

B

30S

C

35S

D

40S

E

45S

Q46

Which of the following does not explain the poor development of inland waterways in Africa?

A

Lack of goods to carry along the routes.

B

Presence of rapids and waterfalls.

C

Obstruction by floating vegetation.

D

High carry along the route.

E

Crossing of many political boundaries by the rivers.

Q47

The savannah lands of East Africa are best known for their

A

wild life.

B

rich mineral resources.

C

inter-ethnic wars.

D

large rivers.

E

industries.

Q48

The rampant famine in some parts of Africa is caused by all the following except

A

unstable prices paid to farmers for their products.

B

unreliable rainfall.

C

civil strife and unrest.

D

ravage crops by pests.

E

infertile soil and soil erosion.

Q49

Which of the following West African countries is the largest producer of groundnut?

A

Burkina Faso.

B

Mali.

C

Guinea Bissau.

D

Senegal.

E

liberia.

Q50
Which of the following peoples can be found in most parts of West-Africa?
A
The Wollof.
B
Ewe.
C
Mandigo
D
Gola.
E
Hausa.
Q51
The sparse population of the Middle Belt of West Africa could be traced to all the following factors except
A
Inter-ethnic wars.
B
Arab slave trade in the north
C
The swamps created by rivers Niger and Benue.
D
European slave trade in the south.
E
The presence of pests and diseases.
Q52
The savannah lands of East Africa are best known for their
A
wild life.
B
rich mineral resources.
C
inter-ethnic wars.
D
large rivers.
E
industries.
Q53
The membership of the ECOWAS consists of
A
12 states.
B
14 states.
C
16 states.
D
18 states.
E
20 states.
Q54
In southern Africa, the Mediterranean vegetation can be found in the areas around
A
Durban
B
Natal
C
Cape Town
D
Pretoria
E
Johannesburg.
Q55
The Kabora Bassa dam is located on River
A
Senegal
B
Volta
C
Orange
D
Zambasi
E
Limpopo
Q56
One of the major threats to fruit farming in the Mediterranean regions of Africa is the
A
dominance of European settlers.
B
fluctuation in prices of the products
C
heavy rains that flood the farms.
D
damaging effect of strong winds on fruits.
E
perishable nature of the fruits.
Q57
Which of the following is a major irrigation scheme on the Nile valley?
A
Hadeija_Jama'are.
B
Richard Toll
C
Managil extension.
D
Shabelle
E
Juba extension.
Q58
In Africa, coral reef coasts are largely located in the
A
North-West.
B
South-West.
C
West.
D
South.
E
South-East.
Q59
Which of the following vegetation types is most commonly in Africa?
A
Steppe.
B
Campos.
C
Selves.
D
Savannah.
E
Prairies.
Q60
In Africa, the veldt is located in the
A
western coastland.
B
eastern coastland.
C
continental interior.
D
extreme north and south.
E
southern part.