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WAEC questions for "Geography :: Elements of physical geography"
Q1

Which two planets lie between the sun and the earth?

A

Venus and Mars.

B

Venus and Jupiter.

C

Mercury and Venus.

D

Mercury and Sartun.

E
Q2

On June 21st, when the sun is overhead at the Tropic of Cancer, places in the Northern Hemisphere experience

A

longer day and shorter night.

B

twilight.

C

shorter day and longer night.

D

longer day and night.

E
Q3

When a ship apears over the distant horizon the

A

hul is seen before the cabin.

B

hull and the mast are seen together.

C

mast is seen before the hull.

D

cabin is seen berofe the mast.

E
Q4

The innermost section of the Earth is the

A

core.

B

mantle.

C

crust.

D

sial.

E
Q5

Which of the following is not a characteristic of sedimetary rocks? They

A

contain fossils.

B

are crystalline.

C

are usually laid down in layers

D

are porous.

E
Q6

Rocks which have been formed by the cooling and solidification of molten magma are called

A

Igneous rocks.

B

sedimentary rocks.

C

conglomerates.

D

metamorphic rocks.

E
Q7
Which of the following is not a type of mountain?
A
Conical mountain.
B
Block mountain.
C
Fold mountain.
D
Mountain of accumulation.
E
Q8
Which of the following is not true of stalagmites and stalactites?
A
Stalagmites are upward growing pillars while stalactites are downward growing.
B
Stalagmites are short and wide while stalactites are long and narrow.
C
Stalactites are formed on the floor of limestone caves while stalagmites are formed on roofs of limestones caves.
D
Stalactites are longer than stalagmites.
E
Q9
Which of the following pairs are desert landforms?
A
Wave-cut platforms and seif dunes.
B
Sandbars and sandspits.
C
Yardangs and zeugens.
D
Barchans and tombolos.
E
Q10
Most of the world's lakes are fresh water lakes which are
A
fed by rivers with outlets to the sea.
B
fed by melting glaciers.
C
fairly saline due to excessive evaporation.
D
constant in volume.
E
Q11
A geyser is best described as a/an
A
pool of hot water.
B
explosion of volcanoes.
C
thermal stream.
D
fountain of super heated stream.
E
Q12
The climate belts recognized by the Greek were
A
torrid, temperate and frigid.
B
hot, cold and medium.
C
hot, mild and cool.
D
equatorial, polar and torrid.
E
Q13
A mercury barometer is used for measuring
A
wind speed.
B
temperature.
C
sunshine.
D
atmospheric pressure.
E
Q14
Lines joining places with same mean annual rainfall are called
A
isohyets.
B
isohels.
C
isohalines.
D
isotherms.
E
Q15
A line joining places having an equal degree of cloudiness is an
A
isotherm.
B
isohyets.
C
isobar.
D
isoneph.
E
Q16
Which of the following winds affects the West Indian Islands of the Caribbean?
A
Hurricanes.
B
Mistral.
C
Chinook.
D
Tornadoes.
E
Q17
Loess is an example of
A
clayey soil.
B
loamy soil.
C
wind deposited soil.
D
montane soil.
E
Q18
A soil profile refers to the
A
shape of the soil.
B
vertical section of the soil.
C
mineral composition of the soil.
D
zone of eluviation.
E
Q19
Which of the following environmental hazards is due primarily to human activities?
A
Earthquakes.
B
Volcanic eruption.
C
Hurricane.
D
Ozone depletion.
E
Q20
The trees are evergreen, forming a canopy with buttress roots, climbers and creepers''. Which of the following vegetation types does this statement refers to?
A
Savannah.
B
Equatorial.
C
Tropical desert.
D
Mediterranean.
E
Q21

The earth lies between the

A

Mercury and the Veus.

B

Mars and the Jupiter.

C

Venus and Mars.

D

Jupiter and the Pluto.

E
Q22

When the moon comes in between the earth and the sun

A

eclipse of the moon occurs.

B

the length of the day varies.

C

a solar eclipse occurs.

D

the length of day increases.

E
Q23

How long does it take the Mercury to make a complete revolution?

A

88 days.

B

225 days.

C

365 days.

D

687 days.

E
Q24

Which of the following is not a proof of the earth's sphericity?

A

Circumnavigation of the earth.

B

Deflection of winds.

C

Ship's visibility.

D

The circular horizon.

E
Q25

Which of the following is not a characteristic of lines of longitude? They

A

runfrom East to West.

B

converge at the poles.

C

run from north to south.

D

are used in calculating local time.

E
Q26
The part of the earth where life exist is the
A
hydrosphere.
B
barysphere.
C
biosphere.
D
atmosphere.
E
Q27
A relative humidity of 100 percent means that air is
A
unsaturated.
B
saturated.
C
dry.
D
moist.
E
Q28

The region on the earth's surface popularly referred to as the land of midnight sun is the

A

north of the Equator.

B

south of the Equator.

C

north of the Arctic circle.

D

north of the tropic of Capricon.

E
Q29

Another name for the core of the earth is

A

lithosphere.

B

barysphere.

C

troposphere.

D

endosphers.

E
Q30

The earth is enveloped by a mixture of gases referred to as the

A

biosphere.

B

lithosphere.

C

mesosphere.

D

atmosphere.

E
Q31

Sedimntary rocks are usually

A

crystalline.

B

impervious.

C

stratified.

D

brittle.

E
Q32

All the following are processes of physical weathering except alternate

A

heating and cooling.

B

freezing and thawing.

C

wetting and drying.

D

oxidation and hydrolysis.

E
Q33

One of the following features of a fold mountain is

A

graben.

B

anticline.

C

dyke.

D

horst.

E
Q34

Which of the following are water pollutants?

A

Aquatic animals.

B

Shrimps.

C

Dissolved fertilizers.

D

Water plants.

E
Q35

Which of the following is not a possible cause of soil erosion?

A

Afforestation.

B

Deforestation.

C

Bush burning.

D

Over-grazing.

E
Q36

Which of these features is associated with wind erosion in the desert?

A

Zeugen.

B

barchen

C

Ripples.

D

Dunes.

E
Q37

Which of the following is not a form of mass movement?

A

Land slide.

B

Earthquake.

C

Rockslide.

D

Talus creep.

E
Q38

In the upper course of a river, all the following features can be found except

A

waterfalls.

B

gorge.

C

ox-bow lake.

D

cataracts.

E
Q39
A stalagmite differs from a stalactite in that a stalagmite
A
is thinner and a longer than a stalactite.
B
starts from the roof of a cave.
C
is evaporated calcium carbonate.
D
starts from the floor of a cave.
E
Q40
''It is crescentic or moon-shaped and occurs transversely to the direction of the prevailing wind'', The above statement is a description of a
A
yardang.
B
barchan.
C
zeugen.
D
rock pedestal.
E
Q41
Isotherm is to temperature as------is to pressure.
A
isohaline
B
isohel.
C
isoneph.
D
isobar.
E
Q42
Which of the following did Koppen use to classify the climates of the world.
A
Temperature and humidity.
B
Temperature and wind.
C
Temperature and rainfall.
D
Rainfall and humidity
E
Q43
All the following are environmental hazards except
A
flooding.
B
vulcanicity.
C
afforestation.
D
deforestation.
E
Q44
The resources of the atmosphere include all the following except
A
vegetation.
B
rain.
C
wind.
D
gases.
E
Q45
Which of the following is not a feature of wave erosion?
A
Beach.
B
Arch.
C
Cliff.
D
Wave-cut platform.
E
Q46
Trees in a savanna region develop the following adaptations to enable them to survive the long dry season except
A
shallow roots.
B
long taproots.
C
thick barks.
D
thin leaves.
E
Q47
One of the major problems of manufacturing industries in Tropical Africa is
A
high demand for manufactured products.
B
inadequate raw materials.
C
high quality of industrial labour.
D
high cost of labour.
E
Q48
A place where water issues out from the ground naturally is called a
A
pond.
B
spring.
C
stream.
D
river.
E
Q49

Which of the following does not prove that the earth is spherical in shape?

A

Tilting of the earth on its axis.

B

The curved horizon of the earth.

C

The eclipse of the moon.

D

Aerial photographs of the earth taken by astronauts.

E
Q50

During the equinoxes

A

there are 6hours of darkness and 18 hours of daylight in the North Hemisphere.

B

there is complete darkness for 24 hours at the North pole.

C

there is continous daylight for 24 hours at the South Pole.

D

days and nights are equal in lenght for all places throughout the world.

E
Q51

The movement of the earth round the sun is termed the earth's

A

evolution.

B

revolution.

C

rotation.

D

orbit.

E
Q52

Seasonal changes in weather and climate are caused by

A

rotation of the earth on its axis.

B

direct overhead sun on the Tropic of Cancer.

C

direct overhead sun on the Tropic of Capricorn.

D

revolution of the earth round the sun.

E
Q53

What is the distance between Accra, Latitude 50300N and London 51030'N?

A

5,406 km.

B

5,306 km.

C

5,216 km.

D

5,106 km.

E
Q54

The annual rainfall data of a particular station can best be represented with a

A

simple line graph.

B

simple bar graph.

C

compound line graph.

D

cummulative bar graph.

E
Q55
Density maps are most appropriate for showing
A
the distribution of people in a place.
B
movement of crude oil to refinaries.
C
relief features of a place.
D
temperature variation of a country.
E
Q56
The area of low pressure around the Equator is the
A
Doldrums.
B
Horse latitudes.
C
Sub-tropical low.
D
Sub tropical high.
E
Q57
Rocks of the earth are rich in
A
iron and nickel.
B
silicon and magnesia.
C
iron and magnesia.
D
silica and nickel.
E
Q58
Which of the following is an intrusive igneous rock?
A
Shale.
B
Granite.
C
Sandstone.
D
Marble.
E
Q59
Which of the following is not a metamorphic rock?
A
Slate.
B
Marble.
C
Loess
D
Gneiss.
E
Q60
Chemical weathering takes place most effectively where it is
A
dry all the time.
B
cold and wet.
C
warm and dry.
D
hot and wet.
E