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WAEC questions for "Economics :: Population and Labour Market"
Q1
A type of unemployment which occurs due to technological progress is called
A
frictional unemployment
B
residual unemployment
C
structural unemployment
D
mass unemployment
E
Q2

Labour can be efficient when there are

A

adequate tools to work with

B

high levels of employment

C

limited vacancies 

D

government restrictions 

E
Q3

What is the effect of pursuit of higher education on the size of labour force?

A

It makes labour force to be defective

B

It brings higher wage rate

C

It increases the size of labour force

D

It reduces the size of labour force

E
Q4

The population density of town Y made up of 50 square kilometer land area and 100 million people is

A

50,000 people per square kilometer

B

0.2 million people per square kilometer

C

0.5 million people per square kilometer

D

2 million people per square kilometer

E
Q5

Which of the following does not affect a country's population?

A

Birth rate

B

Death rate

C

Emigration

D

Unemployment

E
Q6

The trade unions in West Africa have achieved the following for the workers except

A

increased wages

B

better condition of service

C

competitive determination of wage rate

D

improved welfare facilities

E
Q7

The employers' demand curve for labour is represented by the

A

marginal product curve of labour 

B

total product curve of labour

C

average product curve of labour

D

total cost curve of labour

E
Q8

The Malthusian theory of population does not concern itself with

A

growth of food production in arithmetical progression

B

growth of population in geometrical progression

C

positive checks to population growth

D

development and growth of manpower

E
Q9

One characteristic of labour is that it is

A

fixed in demand

B

fixed in supply 

C

mobile

D

untrainable

E
Q10

A country where labour is not sufficient to make proper use of the natural resources is said to have an

A

average population

B

optimum population

C

over-population

D

under-population

E
Q11

When population is classified according to professions. it is called

A

geographical distribution of population

B

age distribution of population

C

sex distribution 

D

occupational distribution of population

E
Q12

One of the factors affecting geographical distribution of population is

A

high birth rate

B

high death rate

C

encouragement of early marriages in the rural areas

D

climatic conditions of the different parts of the country

E
Q13

In a rapidly growing economy, a change in technology which is labour saving is likely to cause

A

residual unemployment

B

structural employment

C

disguised unemployment

D

frictional unemployment

E
Q14

If specialization should take place, then

A

Ghana should produce coffee and cocoa

B

Ghana would benefit by producing cocoa only

C

Sierra Leone should not produce any of the products

D

Sierra Leone should produce cocoa and Ghana coffee

E
Q15

When a worker changes from one type of job to another, it is called

A

geographical mobility of labour

B

occupational mobility of labour

C

immobility of labour

D

rural-urban migration

E
Q16

Which of the following determines the size of a country's population?

I. Birth rate

II. Death rate

III. Migration

IV. Unemployment rate

A

I, II and IV

B

II and IV

C

I, II, and III

D

I and IV

E
Q17

Age distribution is important because it helps the government to

A

check rural-urban drift

B

determine the number of foreigners 

C

determine the number of factories

D

undertake effective planning

E
Q18

Natural growth rate is

A

birth rate less death rate

B

death rate less migration

C

death rate plus birth rate

D

birth rate plus migration

E
Q19

A major effect of ageing population is

A

reduced labour force

B

rise in prices of commodities

C

reduced infrastructure

D

neglect of agriculture

E
Q20

The number of people who are qualified to work and who offer themselves for employment are called

A

migrant labour

B

working population

C

labour turnover

D

mobility of labour

E
Q21

When the general price level persistently falls, the rate of unemployment

A

rises

B

stagnates

C

rapidly reduces

D

equals natural growth rate

E
Q22

To ensure high employment rates developing countries should

A

build more universities  

B

protect infant industries 

C

organize trade fairs

D

prevent rural-urban drift

E
Q23

The term underpopulation refers to a situation where the population is

A

dispersed over the country

B

small in relation to available resources

C

greater than the available resources

D

concentrated in few areas

E
Q24

West African countries experience rapid population growth due to

A

existence of birth control clinics

B

early marriages 

C

adequate sex education in schools

D

late marriages

E
Q25

Which of the following could be used to measure the efficiency of labour?

A

Education and training 

B

Rate of inflation

C

Level of unemployment

D

Input-Output ratio

E
Q26

Which of the following statements about population is correct?

A

Optimum population whenever achieved does not change.

B

Under-population implies that available resources are not used to full capacity

C

Over-population leads to a higher per capita output

D

Optimum population leads to overcrowding of cities

E
Q27

Malthus population theory stated that

A

high death rate may lead to low productivity

B

population may outgrow the means of subsistence

C

people will all decide to have children

D

migration may leave some parts of the world barren

E
Q28

One of the criticisms of population increase is that results in

A

rise in people's standard of living

B

low level of illiteracy

C

low level of taxation

D

increase in government expenditure

E
Q29

Which of the following is not likely to be an effect of a growing population?

A

Rise in demand

B

Unemployment

C

Fall in standard of living

D

High degree of illiteracy

E
Q30

Census figures of most countries in West Africa are inaccurate because of

A

low cost of enumeration

B

lo per capita incme

C

high degree of illiteracy

D

high level of civilization

E
Q31
The dispersal of people in a country is called
A
mobility of people
B
geographical distribution
C
occupation distribution
D
state distribution
E
Q32
In a country with ageing population, the total population
A
comprises of young school leavers only
B
comprises mainly women
C
is increasing at a low level
D
has reached the optimum level
E
Q33
Population growth can be controlled by the following except
A
legalizing abortion
B
incentives on immigration
C
family planning
D
limiting number of children per family
E
Q34
Which of the following is not a trade union in Nigeria?
A
Nigerian Labour Congress
B
Academic Staff Union of Universities
C
Nigerian Economic Society
D
Nigerian Union of Journalists
E
Q35
One economic implication of overpopulation is that
A
leads to low demand of goods
B
reduces balance of payments difficulties
C
leads to a fall in per capita income
D
reduces pressure on the available social facilities
E
Q36
The supply of labour can be influenced by the
A
size of the population
B
stage of economic development
C
size of the country
D
extent of the market
E
Q37
Majority of West African Labour force is engaged in
A
industrial production
B
agricultural production
C
mining industry
D
construction industry
E
Q38
Census of population is usually conducted every
A
20 years
B
15 years
C
10 years
D
7 years
E
Q39
Hassan, an economics teacher in Lagos, resigned his appointment and took up another job as a banker. The concept here involve.
A
occupational mobility of labour
B
horizontal mobility of labour
C
vertical mobility of labour
D
geographical mobility of labour
E
Q40
Net migration is the difference between
A
population and census
B
immigrants and emigrants
C
per capita income and population
D
internal and external migration
E
Q41
Wages are, to some extent, determined by the
A
marginal utility of labour
B
average utility of labour
C
marginal productivity of labour
D
total output of labour
E
Q42
An association of workers in a particular industry, firm of line of job is called
A
Trade Union
B
Trade Association
C
Chamber of Commerce
D
Assembly of Workers
E
Q43
Unemployment that arises because of introduction of new machines and equipment in production is called
A
cyclical
B
structural
C
seasonal
D
disguished
E
Q44
Occupational distribution of population is mainly influenced by
A
economic factors
B
religious factors
C
geographical factors
D
social factors
E
Q45
The population which yields the highest level of income per head is known as
A
over population
B
under population
C
extreme population
D
optimum population
E
Q46
The power of trade unions may be weakened when there is
A
optimum population
B
a weak government in power
C
over-population
D
a civilian government in power
E
under-population
Q47
Malthus' major contention is that
A
population increased in arithmetic progression while food production increased in geometric progression
B
population increased in geometric progression while food production increases in arithmetic progression
C
population and food growth rate will, in future, be at par
D
nations have to get enough manpower to cultivate available land for food
E
output from agriculture decreased as more and more poorer lands are brought into cultivation
Q48
The optimum population of a country is reached when the
A
production of goods and service is less than optimum
B
output per head is at its highest with a given volume of resource
C
total population increase with a given volume of resources
D
national resources increases as population increases
E
working population rise at a geometrical rate
Q49
When the death rate for old people and the infant mortality rate are high, with no migration, there will be in the population a higher number of
A
younger people in the population
B
children in the population
C
old people in the population
D
women in the population
E
men in the population
Q50
In the long-run, potential GNP is variable because I. technology change takes place II. the quality of labour and capital is not fixed III. unemployment is constant
A
I only
B
II only
C
I and II only
D
I and III only
E
III only
Q51
Which of the following would not increase then population of a country?
A
An increase birth rate
B
A decrease in death rate
C
Better medical services
D
Immigration
E
Emigration
Q52
The largest employment sector in a typical West African country is
A
construction
B
transportation
C
petroleum
D
agriculture
E
manufacturing
Q53
The natural growth rate of a population is the
A
death rate plus net immigration
B
rate of immigration divided by birth rate
C
birth rate minus death rate
D
sum of birth and net immigration rate
E
sum of birth rate and death rate
Q54
The process that leads to an agreement on the service between employers and employees is termed
A
salary negotiations
B
arbitration
C
collective bargaining
D
conciliation
E
reconciliation
Q55
The unemployment associated with demand is referred to as
A
disguised
B
imposed
C
cyclical
D
voluntary
E
functional
Q56
The efficiency of a country's labour force depend on the following except
A
improved working conditions
B
better health care facilities
C
adequate training
D
stable economy
E
frequent strikes and lock-outs
Q57
Which of the following does not require the use of information from census?
A
Allocating central government revenue among states or regions
B
planning for development in the states or regions
C
Demarcating constituencies for elections in the states or regions
D
Providing adequate social amenities and services in the state or regions
E
Controlling geographical mobility of labour among the state of regions
Q58
Malthus observed in his theory that population was growing
A
at a regular rate
B
in arithmetrical progression
C
in geometrical progression
D
in mathematical progression
E
in trigonometrical progression
Q59
At optimum population level, a country has its
A
maximum population
B
ageing population
C
highest birth rate
D
highest output per head
E
lowest death rate
Q60

A situation of full employment exists when

A

every adult is employed

B

all adults who can work are employed

C

all persons who have attained the age of 15 years and above are employed

D

only the disabled are not employed

E

all those who are able and eligible to work are employed