Agriculture and Industrialization Generix Content - Agriculture and Industrialization
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"Agriculture and Industrialization" question number distribution across years
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WAEC questions for "Economics :: Agriculture and Industrialization"
Q1

Agriculture plays a dominant role in our country because

A

it is the main source of energy

B

it employs more than 50% of the total labour force

C

it supplies all industrial inputs

D

there are large plantations of cocoa, groundnut and palm oil

E
Q2

Industry can be defined as

A

several firms producing equal number of commodities

B

group of firms producing similar commodities

C

different firms producing equal number of commodities

D

many firms producing for export

E
Q3

To promote the development of the agricultural sector, governments of West African countries should

A

encourage rural-urban drift

B

discourage foreign investment in argiculture

C

support the marketing of farm produce

D

reduce tariff in food imports

E
Q4

Which of the following agriculture systems is mainly for the cultivation of food crops family comsumption?

A

co-operative farming

B

commercial farming

C

subsistence farming

D

plantation farming

E
Q5

Agriculture is important to the economy of West African countries because it is the source of

A

power

B

equipment supply

C

industrial input

D

technological progress

E
Q6

A group of firms producing similar commodities for the same market constitute

A

a cartel 

B

an industry

C

a co-operative

D

wholesales

E
Q7

A factor that has slowed down the rate of industry development in West Africa

A

inadequate techonlogy

B

increasing rate of manpower production

C

increasing demand for local goods

D

intervention of the government in business activities

E
Q8

One reason for the low agricultural production in West African countries is that

A

agriculture employs the highest percentage of the labour force

B

too much money is invested in agriculture

C

farmers lack the finance and technology required

D

the farms are too large

E
Q9

Which of the following is an advantage of the localization of industry?  

A

Development of subsidiary firms

B

Creation of parallel markets

C

Development of slums

D

Attraction of foreign capital

E
Q10

Which of the following will ensure efficiency in the industrial sector of your country? 

A

Indigenization

B

Privatization

C

Nationalization

D

Liquidation

E
Q11

Which of the following is not a direct effort to increase agricultural production?

A

Operation feed the Nation

B

Use of improved seedlings 

C

Increase loans to farmers and co-operative societies

D

National Youth Service Corps

E
Q12

Which of the following is an advantage of localization of industry?

A

Development of subsidiary firms

B

Creation of parallel markets

C

Development of slums

D

Attraction of foreign capital

E
Q13

One of the factors responsible for low agricultural production in West Africa is

A

inadequate labour

B

shortage of land

C

inadequate implements

D

inadequate research

E
Q14

Localization of industry refers to the

A

concentration of the firms of an industry in a particular area

B

siting of industries in rural areas

C

even spread of industries

D

government policy of influencing the location of industries

E
Q15

The location of timber and plywood industries in West Africa is mainly influenced by the availability of

A

transport

B

water

C

raw materials

D

labour supply

E
Q16
Monocultural agriculture means
A
the cultivation of seasonal crops
B
the cultivation of one major crop
C
plantation agriculture
D
shifting cultivation
E
Q17
Industries are not sited in most rural areas of Nigeria because
A
of inadequate basic infrastructure
B
the lack of raw materials
C
the is no appropriate government policy
D
the climate is not conducive
E
Q18
An industry can best be described as
A
a place where goods are processed
B
a place where different firms produce different goods
C
an aggregation of individual firms producing similar commodities
D
the concentration of various firms in the same locality
E
Q19
One major export crop in West Africa is
A
rice
B
maize
C
palm kernel
D
cocoa
E
Q20
The establishment of industries in rural areas will help to reduce
A
urban-rural migration
B
urban-urban migration
C
rural-urban migration
D
rural-rural migration
E
Q21
Infant industries are industries that
A
deal in the production of infant foods
B
are in their earlier stages of production
C
produce dresses for infants
D
are well established
E
Q22
In order to boost agriculture, West African countries should pay more attention to
A
shifting cultivation
B
animal husbandry
C
seed multiplication
D
machanization
E
Q23
West African economies can best be described as
A
agricultural
B
backward
C
developed
D
industrialized
E
Q24
One of the advantages of localization of industry is that firms
A
make abnormal profits
B
are given tax holidays
C
are unified under one management
D
pay high wages
E
can have a large pool of skilled labour
Q25
Which of the following is not a type of industry?
A
Export
B
Construction
C
Mining
D
Manufacturing
E
Transport
Q26
An appropriate industrialization strategy in an under-populated country is
A
import substitution
B
capital intensive
C
the contract method
D
the use of foreigners in factories
E
labour intensive
Q27
One of the instrument of protection of infant industries is the
A
price control board
B
open market operation
C
tariff
D
GDP - deflator
E
multiplier
Q28
The indigenisation Policy in Nigeria is aimed at
A
nationalising foreign businesses
B
alienating foreign investors
C
commandeering foreign business in Nigeria
D
expelling foreign investors and taking over their investment
E
increasing equity participation and control by Nigerians
Q29
Subsistence agriculture means
A
cultivation for external use
B
cultivation for local industries
C
farming for the urban dwellers
D
cultivation for household consumption
E
cultivation for foreign currency
Q30
Farm produce are graded, packed and distributed by
A
purchasing co-operatives
B
agricultural co-operative bank
C
consumers co-operative society
D
marketing co-operatives
E
wholesale co-operatives
Q31
Localization of industries is
A
the industrialization of a country
B
the concentration of the firms of an industry in a particular area
C
the location of a particular locality
D
the economic development of a locality
E
government intervention in the location of industries
Q32
Which of the following factors does not encourage the location of industries?
A
Nearest to market
B
Availability of infrastructural facilities
C
Government influence in siting industries
D
Political instability
E
Abundance of cheap labour
Q33
Which of the following is not an objective of the Indigenisation Policy in Nigeria?
A
make Nigeria dominate the economy
B
increase Nigeria participation in the economy
C
prevent foreign monopoly of the economy
D
eliminate foreign participation in the Nigerian economy
E
protect the national interest and security
Q34

The primary objective of the Agricultural credit Guarantee Scheme is the provision of

A

guarantee for loans granted by banks for agricultural purposes

B

agricultural inputs to facilitate credit from banks

C

loans for every farmer

D

agricultural products for farmers

E
Q35

Which of the following is not an advantage of localization of industries?

A

Enjoyment of external economies

B

Development of  subsidiary industries

C

Development of organized markets

D

Growth of conurbation

E
Q36

The rural areas of West African countries lack industries because

A

rural people are not meant to work in industries

B

rural people are uneducated

C

of inadequate infrastructure

D

of low population density

E

they are not suitable for industries

Q37

An entrepreneur will locate his industry in a place

A

nearest to his home town

B

where the cost of production will be minimized

C

nearest to his wife's hometown

D

where the government directs him to locate it

E

where there is no other industry

Q38

The location of timber and plywood industries in West Africa is mainly influenced by the

A

availability of transport

B

good climate

C

availability of power supply

D

adequate labour supply

E

presence of luxuriant forest

Q39

Which of the following is not a good reason for the importance of agriculture in West African countries? It

A

employs about 60 % of the people

B

provides highest tax revenue

C

is a major foreign exchange earner in most of the countries

D

provides the raw materials for all import-substitution industries

E

provides raw materials only for foreign industries

Q40

Agriculture plays a dominant role role in West African economies because

A

the Green Revolution in Nigeria is agriculture

B

it supplies all the food stuff consumed in Ghana alone

C

there are large plantations of cocoa groundnut and oil palm in West Africa

D

it is the main source of revenue in Sierra Leone alone

E

it employs more than 50 % of the total labour force in West Africa

Q41

Palm oil industry is located in Bendel State because the state

A

imports raw materials for the industry

B

has a poor soil which is unsuitable for other crops

C

is a palm-tree growing area

D

government does not engage in the growing of other crops.

E

has the higest demand for palm oil in Nigeria

Q42

Which of the is not an argument for locating industries in rural areas?

A

Rural areas supply agricultural raw materials

B

The pace of development of rural areas will be quickened

C

Employment will be provided for rural inhabitants

D

Capital is easily available in rural areas

E

Rural-urban migration will decease

Q43

The concentration of industries in one area is referred to as

A

location of industries

B

multiplication of industries

C

pluralization of industries

D

proliferation of industries

E

localization of industries

Q44

Which of the following factors is not important in deciding the location of an industry?

A

The native language of the people

B

Availability of  suitable labour

C

Sources of cheap power and raw materials

D

Proximity to the location of a similar industry

E

Proximity to the market

Q45

Which of these does not encourage industrial development?

A

Tax exemption

B

Provision of financial institutions

C

Provision of Infrastructural facilities

D

Limitation of market for industrial products

E

Government direct participation

Q46

Industry can simply be defined as

A

many firms producing different products

B

a firm or firms producing similar goods and services

C

different firms producing different goods

D

different firms producing equal number of similar goods and services

E

many firms producing unidentical goods and services

Q47

A review of occupational distribution from time to time helps us to know the

A

rate at which population grows

B

number of people that make up the labour force

C

efficiency of the working population

D

industries which are becoming less important

E

number of people that are not employed

Q48

Which of the following crops can be referred to as Nigria's current export crops

A

Rubber, Groundnuts, Beniseed, cotton

B

Sheabutter, Sorhum, Onions

C

Rubber, Cocoa, Coffee, Palm Kernel

D

Palm oil, palm Kernel,Sugarcane

E

Soya beans, Rice, Groundnut, Cashew nut

Q49

Subsistence farming means producing food

A

mainly for the need of our immediate and extended family

B

crops for sale mainly

C

crops mainly for export

D

to feed the community around

E

in order to satisfy the government directives