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JAMB questions for "Government :: Systems of Governance and Political ideologies"
Q1
The presidential system of government ensures
A
democratic rule more than other systems
B
the sharing of executive powers with the legislature
C
the concentration of power in the chief executive
D
the decentralization of executive power
E
Q2
In the parliamentary system, when parliament defeats a major government bill, the
A
prime minister dissolves parliament
B
entire cabinet resigns
C
speaker resigns
D
opposition immediately forms a new government
E
Q3
The style of government in the Sokoto caliphate was
A
democratic
B
authoritarian
C
populist
D
totalitarian
E
Q4
Which of the following traditional political systems was segmentary?
A
Kanem Bornu
B
Benin
C
Igbo
D
Yoruba
E
Q5

Under socialism, the control of power resides with the 

A

peasants

B

bourgeoise

C

nobles

D

proletariat

E
Q6

Marxism is directed against

A

state ownership of the means of production

B

materialism

C

the proletariat

D

socialism

E
Q7

Liberalism is a philosophy underlying 

A

socialism

B

capitalism

C

feudalism

D

nazism

E
Q8
Capitalism is an economic system which emphasizes
A
communalism
B
collectivism
C
individualism
D
internationalism
E
Q9
One of the factors that led to the decline of feudalism is
A
opposition to the system by the wealthy
B
industralization
C
opposition to the system by the oppressed
D
the discovery of new lands
E
Q10
Fascism is a system of government which
A
encourages political dissent and opposition
B
suppress opposition and criticism
C
promotes equality
D
promotes the international brotherhood of man
E
Q11
Which of the following according to Marx, is the correct order in which societies progress?
A
Capitalism, feudalism, communism, socialism
B
Feudalism, socialism, capitalism, communism
C
Communism, socialism, capitalism, Feudalism
D
Feudalism, capitalism, socialism, communism
E
Q12
In the traditional Hausa-Fulani political system, political authority was vested in the
A
Emir
B
Talakawa
C
Alkali
D
Emirate Council
E
Q13
In a parliamentary system of government, the offices of head of state and head of government are
A
fused
B
separated
C
not defined
D
indistinguishable
E
Q14
Fascism emphasises
A
individualism
B
equality
C
nationalism
D
collectivism
E
Q15
Which of the following encourages capitalism?
A
Public ownership of all forms of enterprise
B
Even distribution of wealth
C
Private ownership of the means of production
D
Centrally planned economy
E
Q16
A characteristic feature of communism is
A
free enterprise
B
liberal democracy
C
dictatorship
D
multi-party system
E
Q17
In a monarchal form of Government, sovereignty resides with
A
the council of minister
B
royalty
C
peasantry
D
the entire citizenry
E
Q18
A parliamentary system of government is characterized by
A
seperation of powers
B
fusion of power
C
delegated legislation
D
legislative supremacy
E
Q19
Socialism is associated with
A
Karl Marx
B
Nicolo Machiavelli
C
Aristotle
D
Plato
E
Q20
A major feature of the presidential system of government is that the
A
President is not responsibile for his ministers/ mistakes
B
ministers are not collectively responsible to the president
C
president does not need the legislature to pass laws
D
president is not a member of the legislature
E
Q21
Presidentialism is a system of government in which
A
there is elected Head of State who exercises actual executive powers
B
the Head of State is not the Chief executive
C
the executive functions are the responsibility of the entire members of a cabinet
D
all members of cabinet must also be members of the legislature
E
Q22
The main function of the upper chamber in a parliamentary system of government is to
A
initiate new legislation
B
execute laws
C
act as a check on the lower chamber
D
direct the activities of the lower chamber
E
Q23
The principle of two levels of governemnt in a country is called
A
the parliamentary system
B
dictatorship
C
nationalism
D
federalism
E
Q24
In a cabinet system, the executive is appointed from the
A
legislature
B
opposition
C
upper house
D
weaker party in the coalition
E
Q25
An important advantage of creating more constituent units a federal state is to
A
enhance the people's participation in government
B
enable ambitious politicians gain political power
C
make the state gain more power
D
curb the powers of the federal government
E
Q26
Under the presidential system
A
the party with the majority of seats forms the Executive
B
there is the principle of collective responsibility
C
the president may come from any of the parties
D
the constitution may be unwritten
E
Q27
In a parliamentary system, who ensures that members are in the House to vote on major issues? The
A
party leader
B
speaker of the House
C
clerk of the House
D
Whip
E
Q28
A system in which no single person serves as the chief executive is known as
A
republican
B
revolutionary
C
collegial
D
parliamentary
E
Q29
According to Marxist theory, those who live by selling their labour are referred to as the
A
bourgeoisie
B
proletariats
C
feudal lords
D
slaves
E
Q30
A social system in which power is derived from control over land is called
A
oligarchy
B
feudalism
C
socialism
D
presidentialism
E
Q31
A system of government in which power is derived from total control of the instruments of force is called
A
monarchy
B
oligarchy
C
capitalism
D
fascism
E
Q32
Which of the following ideologies emphasizes the abolition of government and law?
A
totalitarianism
B
Communism
C
Anarchism
D
Socialism
E
Q33
Fascism developed in
A
France
B
Germany
C
Italy
D
Soviet Union
E
China
Q34
The head of the executive branch in a parliamentary system is called the
A
prime minister
B
president
C
majority leader
D
senate president
E
governor general
Q35
Ceremonial and executive powers are usually fused in a
A
unitary system of government
B
federal government
C
democratic system of government
D
presidential system of government
E
parliamentary system of government
Q36
In a presidential system of government, the Executive
A
executes its own laws only
B
legislates all binding laws
C
makes laws for the National Assembly
D
forms the government
E
executes all anti-government plotters
Q37
In a presidential system of government ministers are
A
collectively responsible to the Senate
B
collectively responsible to the president
C
individually responsible to the president
D
individually responsible to no one
E
individually and collectively responsible to the electorate
Q38
In a parliamentary system of government, ministers are
A
collectively responsible to parliament
B
not members of the legislature
C
appointment by a two-thirds majority of the legislature
D
representatives of various interests in the country
E
chosen from the Upper House
Q39
A facist regime is both
A
fair and legitimate
B
responsive and responsible
C
representative and accountable
D
democratic and constitutional
E
authoritarian and totalitarian
Q40
Capitalism often encourages
A
public ownership of all forms of enterprise
B
a centrally planned economy
C
Private ownership of the means of production
D
anarchy
E
deconcentration of political and economic powers in the same hands
Q41
With whom is fascism associated?
A
Adolf Hitler
B
Karl Marx
C
John Locke
D
Benito Mussolini
E
Joseph Stalin
Q42
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the parliamentary system of government?
A
Ministers are usually members of parliament
B
The Prime Minister is politically reponsible to the parliament
C
The Head of State is the most powerful organ of government
D
The Head of Government may advise the Head of State to dissolve parliament
E
The Party in opposition provides the Shadow Government
Q43
Capitalism is an economic sysytem in which
A
the economy of the State is centrally planned and controlled
B
private persons are permitted to undertake enterprises
C
accumulation of private property is forbidden
D
that means of production are owned and controlled by the State
E
all big industries and the land are publicly owned for common good
Q44
According to Marxist theory, those who own and control the means of production in capitalist society are
A
exploiters
B
colonialists
C
workers
D
shareholders
E
bourgeoisie
Q45
A cabinet system of government is practised in
A
Britain and Canada
B
Nigeria
C
The Soveit Union
D
all European countries including Britain
E
The United States of America
Q46
In the Parliamentary System government executive powers are vested in
A
The President
B
Parliament
C
the Party in government
D
the Cabinet
E
a few powerful men in the country
Q47
In the federal system, powers that are allocated to both Central and State governments are called
A
exclusive
B
concurent
C
arbitrary
D
copyrights
E
residual
Q48
In a parliamentary system of government, the head of government is usually
A
the head of State
B
selected from the upper chamber
C
a graduate of a university
D
the prime minister
E
elected by the whole country
Q49
In the presidential system in Nigeria the Chief Executive remains in office for
A
a period of eight years
B
a fixed term
C
as long as he enjoys popular support
D
two terms
E
a period of six years
Q50
Which of the following terms is different from the
A
Totalitarianism
B
Fascism
C
Dictatorship
D
Authoritarianism
E
Constitutionalism
Q51
In the British parliamentary system, if the parliament passes a vote of no confidence on the government, the Prime Minister
A
must change some ministers
B
can ask the Queen t resign
C
can dismiss some top civil servants
D
and his cabinet may feel obliged to resign
E
can dissolve the opposition party
Q52
One of the fundamental features of capitalism is
A
that the major factors of production are privately owned
B
the predominance of the public sector in the economy
C
the elimination of all forms of competition
D
the rule of the few
E
the entrechment of social rights
Q53
Under the Presidential sysytem of government in Nigeria
A
there is no formal opposition in the national legislature
B
the Majority Leader exercises power which is equal to that of the President
C
State governments do not have any powers except those allowed by the Central Government
D
the President has absolute power
E
the personal staff of the President are civil servants
Q54
With the adoption of the presidential system
A
have a representative government
B
be a member of the Commonwealth
C
have different persons as Head of State and Government
D
operate a bicameral legislature
E
operate the principle of separation of powers
Q55

In a parliamentary system of government, a Bill is almost certain to be passed after the 

A

second reading

B

third reading 

C

fourth reading

D

fifth reading

E

none of the above

Q56

A good example of a country which operates a cabinet system of government is 

A

France

B

the United Kingdom

C

the U.S.A...

D

the Soviet Union

E

none of the above

Q57

A presidential system of government is one

A

where the Head of State possesses real power

B

where the principle of seperation of powers is inapplicable 

C

which provides for a ceremonial Head of State

D

in which the parliament cannot remove the President from office before the expiration of his term of office

E
Q58

The concept of paliamentary Government in Britain is

A

turning into Prime Ministerial and Whitehall government in practice

B

now a complete myth

C

in fact indetical with the Presidential system in the U.S.A.

D

supported by a tiny segment of the population

E

rejected by the aristocracy of that country

Q59

An ideology is essentially

A

a guide to political action

B

a manual for revolution

C

a curse on political actors

D

a non-political concept

E

negative in connotation

Q60
All federal systems of government have
A
flexible constitutions
B
industrialized economies
C
written constitutions
D
four layers of government
E
heads of states who are also heads of government