Pressure Groups and Public Opinion Generix Content - Pressure Groups and Public Opinion
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"Pressure Groups and Public Opinion" question number distribution across years
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JAMB questions for "Government :: Pressure Groups and Public Opinion"
Q1
Groups which seek to bring about changes in government policies without actually controlling the personnel of government are known as
A
trade unions
B
pressure groups
C
secret societies
D
elite groups
E
Q2

Which of the following functions is performed by both political parties and pressure groups?

A

Contesting elections 

B

Interest articulation

C

Formal opposition to government 

D

Working for the interest of their members 

E
Q3

The most effective way of monitoring public opinion is

A

by examining the questions asked by journalists

B

by the frequency of the press releases of pressure groups

C

by referendum

D

through opinion poll

E
Q4
While pressure groups aim at influencing government decisions, the primary aim of political parties is to
A
promote the welfare of their members
B
execute particular programmes
C
influence legislation in order to benefit their members
D
control political power
E
Q5
A common means of influencing public opinion is
A
public policy-making
B
legislation
C
propaganda
D
lobbying
E
Q6
Public opinion refers to views and ideas expressed by
A
citizens regarding government polities or other issues
B
government regarding the public interest
C
elites about what the public wants
D
students about the public
E
Q7
The main objective of pressure groups is to
A
win political power
B
conduct free and fair elections
C
mobilize support on behalf of the government
D
protect the interests of its members
E
Q8
Public opinion is important because it
A
tells government what action it must take
B
lets government know what the people want
C
allows the police to determine trouble makers
D
protects minorities
E
guarantees a free press
Q9
The most basic property of pressure groups which differentiates them from political parties is that they
A
are not as interested in politics
B
do not have permanent organizations
C
do not seek to influence public opinion
D
do not support candidates in elections
E
do not nominate candidates as their own official representatives
Q10
While political parties aim at forming a government, pressure groups aim at
A
imposing military rule
B
causing social unrest
C
influencing governmental decisions
D
controlling a nation's economy
E
getting all workers to unite
Q11
Which of the following is NOT a pressure group in Nigeria
A
Farmers
B
The Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT)
C
The Catholic Church
D
Academic Staff Union of Univrsities (ASUU)
E
Nigerian Medical Association (NMA)
Q12
Pressure groups are important because they
A
enjoy publicity
B
manage political crisis for their members
C
sponsors candidates for elections
D
represent groups who may other wise be ignored
E
are not interested in the welfare of the State
Q13
The membership of pressure groups is limited because they
A
pursue specific and narrow objectives
B
are mainly concerned with public interests
C
promote other people's interests
D
are not friendly
E
are not patriotic
Q14
The main role of pressure groups is to
A
oppose oppressive legislation
B
protect the interest of the country against foreign power
C
resist temptation of gifts made by multinational companies to influence their judgement
D
promote the interest of the political parties
E
influence legislation in order to benefit their members
Q15

Pressure groups; politics are usually directed to

A

limited or sectoral goals

B

national objectives

C

the interest of the Nigerian Medical Association

D

the goals of the Nigerian Union of Teachers 

E

none of the above

Q16

The main role of pressure groups is to 

A

influence the Legislature and the Executive to make decisions favourable to them

B

inject emotional selfish issues into national debates

C

influence the general public

D

use all means, including bribery, to achieve their objectives

E

assist selected multinational corporations in fulfiling their objectives

Q17
Which of the following are pressure groups?
A
The Nigerian Chamber of Commerce
B
The Nigeria Union of Teachers
C
The National Union of Nigerian Student
D
All of the above
E
A and C
Q18
Pressure groups are really
A
nuisances which most government would like to ignore
B
people with sinister motives who pretend to serve the public interest
C
greedy citizens who pursue purely selfish interets
D
organized bodies which try to influence legislation or government decisions in their favour
E
organized bodies that are vulnerable to giant companies who use them to promote their interests
Q19
Pressure groups are
A
organizations which want to overthrow the government
B
organizations which seek to influence the policies of the government
C
associations of people who share the same ideology
D
political parties
E
religious orders
Q20
In a Modern State, Pressure Groups find that the most effective way of achieving their purposes is by
A
causing trouble among the populace
B
influencing decisions of goverrnment
C
forming political parties
D
rigging elections to offices of the State
E
A and C