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JAMB questions for "Government :: Constitution and Principles of Democratic Government"
Q1
A flexible constitution is one that is
A
amended periodically
B
easy to amend
C
amendable with difficulty
D
easy to interpret
E
Q2
Unlike the British, the United States constitution is
A
rigid, federal and written
B
flexible, unitary and unwritten
C
rigid, written and con-federal
D
flexible, federal and unwritten
E
Q3
The notion of checks and balances guarantees that
A
the executive is able to control the legislature
B
the judiciary can stop all executive actions
C
each branch of government acts as a watchdog over other branches
D
the legislature is surbordinate to the Judiciary
E
Q4
The principle of collective responsibility implies that
A
the prime minister can dissolve the entire parliament
B
the head of state can dismiss the prime minister
C
each off ending minister can be reassigned
D
the cabinet stands or falls together
E
Q5
The application of the rule of law may be constrained by
A
securing the tenure of office of judges
B
insulting judges from partisan politics
C
employing men of proven integrity as judges
D
invoking emergency powers
E
Q6
A bill becomes an Act of Parliament after it has been
A
passed by the parliament
B
signed by the head of state
C
processed through the committees of the house
D
debated in the house
E
Q7

Constitutional disputes between states in a federation can only be settled by 

A

parliament 

B

the Supreme Court

C

a tribunal 

D

the Court of Appeal

E
Q8

An indispensable aspect of the constitution of a democratic state is

A

press censorship

B

presidentialism 

C

fundamental human rights

D

socialist ideology

E
Q9

A good democratic constitution should aspire to evolve the following EXCEPT 

A

a judiciary dependent on the executive

B

genuine and truly national political parties 

C

a free and fair electoral system

D

the establishment of the principle of accountability

E
Q10

The principle of separation of powers is fundamental to the 

A

parliamentary system

B

presidential system

C

totalitarian system

D

federal system

E
Q11

The rule of law implies that

A

judges interpret the law

B

lawyers interpret the law

C

everyone is subject to the law

D

the legislatures makes the law

E
Q12
The major advantage of the principle of separation of powers is that it provides for
A
an executive premier
B
a powerful legislature
C
a very strong executive
D
checks and balances
E
Q13
An unwritten constitution is one which
A
embodies only traditional and customs
B
relies on the memories of elders and priests
C
codifies the basic laws in one document
D
embodies the basic laws in more than one document
E
Q14
An issue over which both the centre and the states can exercise authority in a federal system is
A
shared
B
split
C
exclusive
D
concurrent
E
Q15
The application of the rule of law can be hindered by
A
independence of the judiciary
B
irresponsible press
C
unequal distributed of wealth
D
free access to education
E
Q16
Constitutions originate from a belief that there is need for
A
limited government
B
freedom of worship
C
full employment
D
judicial independence
E
Q17
The doctrine of separation of powers is associated with
A
Montesquieu
B
Locke
C
Marx
D
Hobbes
E
Q18
Which of the following nations operates an unwritten constitution?
A
U.S.A
B
Canada
C
Australia
D
Great Britain
E
Q19
The principle of collective responsibility means that ministers
A
are collectively responsible to the head of state
B
are collectively responsible for cabinet decisions
C
are heads of their respective departments
D
must always show a sense of responsibility to their fellow ministers
E
Q20
Which of the following is NOT a mode of constitutional change?
A
Party manifesto
B
Formal amendment
C
Judicial decision
D
Statutory revision
E
Q21
A constitution is rigid if it
A
cannot be amended
B
is found only in one written document
C
requires special procedures for amendent
D
is changed only by judicial interpretation
E
Q22
The term 'Rule of Law' refers to situations in which
A
lawyers are the rulers
B
laws are supreme
C
the judiciary is independent
D
parliament makes laws
E
Q23
Which of the following is NOT a unique feature of federal constitution?
A
Division of power
B
At least two levels of government
C
Supremacy of the constitution
D
Independence of the judiciary
E
Q24
The federal constitution which concedes to the component units the right to secede is that of
A
the United States
B
Australia
C
Brazil
D
the Soviet Union
E
Q25
In a federal state, powers are shared
A
between the central government and local governments
B
between the centre and the country
C
among the major regions of the country
D
among the federal ministers
E
equally among the ethnic groups in the country.
Q26
The rule of law implies
A
the rule by lawyers
B
that only the Head of State is above the law
C
the absence of a military government
D
that no one is above the law
E
that only the National Assembly can make laws
Q27
A constitution is classified as unwritten because it
A
is used in Britain
B
has no written records
C
makes no provision for a clear-cut separation of powers
D
does not emanate from the legislature
E
is not contained in any one document
Q28
The theory of separation of powers was for the first time clearly formulated by
A
Jean Bodin
B
Jean Austin
C
Baron de Montesquieu
D
Lord Bryce
E
A.V. Dicey
Q29
Constitutionalism means
A
the constitution is largely made up of conventions
B
the constittution is not easy to amend
C
the provisions of the constitution are strictly adhered to
D
there is a constitution Head of State
E
there is parliamentary supremacy
Q30
A constitution is a legal document
A
drawn up by lawyers
B
enacted by military decree
C
forming the basis upon which a government rules the country
D
which must not be altered by any succeeding government
E
only likely to succeed in a country where there is union government
Q31
The principle of 'check and balances' is necessary because it
A
prevents governments from becoming dictatorial
B
prevents the Executives from functioning
C
makes the Executive stronger than the other organs
D
makes the three organs hate each other
E
leave each organ of government independent of the Judiciary
Q32
When a constitution is difficult to amend we say it is
A
federal
B
unitary
C
written
D
fragile
E
rigid
Q33
The principle of the seperation of powers implies that the three main organs of government work
A
separately
B
independently and co-operatively
C
against one another
D
reluctantly and gradually for the executive
E
together in the interest of other nations
Q34
An unwritten constitution operates in
A
Guinea
B
U.S.A
C
Great Britain
D
China
E
Nigeria
Q35
Which of the following countries does NOT operate a federal constitution
A
U.S.A
B
Canada
C
Nigeria
D
France
E
Switzerland
Q36
The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
A
promotes unity in diversity
B
allows for the dominance of the minority ethnic groups
C
concentrates governmental power at one level of governement
D
advances the interest of the rich
E
ensures the dominance of one political party
Q37
We say that a constitution is rigid if
A
the sources are too many
B
the constitution is foreign
C
it has no chapter on human rights
D
the provisions are too detailed
E
the process of changing it is too cubersome
Q38
An unwritten constitution is the one where
A
no part of the constitution is ever written down
B
the whole constittution is not contained in any one document
C
the constitution is based on the wishes of the prime minister
D
the constitution can be amended by a sim[ple majority
E
Q39
A constitution refers to
A
any written legal document
B
basic rules for conducting the affairs of any organization
C
the doctrine that the power of government must be limited
D
rules adopted in legislative procedures
E
the separation of powers
Q40
The philosophy and fundamental laws of a country are contained in its
A
manifesto
B
constitution
C
party programme
D
decrees
E
edicts
Q41
Collective responsibility means that
A
all ministers are collectively responsible to the Prime Minister
B
ministers are collectively responsible to the Parliament
C
no minister may publicly criticise decisions made collectively in Cabinet without first resigning
D
ministers mustt first clear their public statements on policy matters with the Cabinet Office before delivering them
E
ministers must always show a sense of responsibility towards one another
Q42
Under the United States Constitution
A
Congress is supreme
B
the Supreme Court is dominant
C
the Presidency is clearly superior in practice to other two branches of government
D
Black Americans enjoy preferential treatment to compensate for past injustices
E
no branch of government can function without co-operating with the others
Q43
The British Constitution, by being unwritten,
A
encourages the dominance of the Prime Minister
B
gives room for the development of conventions
C
makes the Parliamentary system unworkable
D
allows unquestionable parliamentary sovereignty
E
enables the Queen to do no wrong
Q44
Constitutions are useful documents because they
A
suppress individual rights and liberties
B
provide ammunition to different sides in ideological disputes
C
reward the patriotic and punish traitors
D
lay down broad guidelines for national political interaction
E
high-light the procedures for the creation of new States
Q45
The decision of the separation of powers is based on the assumption that
A
those who hold power may enroach on the liberties of the powerless
B
power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely
C
man is a political animal
D
man has inalienable rights
E
A and B
Q46
Constitutions have been classified as rigid or as flexible according to
A
whether they were written or unwritten
B
whether they are popular or unpopular
C
the relative ease or difficulty of the writing process
D
the relative ease or difficulty of the amending process
E
all of the above
Q47
The doctrine of the seperation of powers is based on the assumption that
A
those who hold power may encroach on the liberties of the powerless
B
power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely
C
man is a political animal
D
man has inalienable rights
E
Q48

The principle of separation of powers ensures 

A

the erosion of executive power

B

that the legislature is supreme

C

the preservation of the fundamental liberties of the citizens

D

that all the branches of government have equal powers and functions

E

that the rights of the ethnic minorities are safeguarded 

Q49

When we talk about the constitution of any given country we mean

A

the general body of rules and principles controlling the distribution of government power

B

a guide book containing the functions of Trade Union movements

C

a document embodying rules and principles regulating the exercise of government power

D

a document defining the relations between the rulers, and the ruled

E

A,C and D above

Q50

A constitution is a document

A

drafted by the Constituent Assembly

B

which states in written form the basic laws governing a country

C

which spells out how the president is to be elected

D

which forms the basis upon which a government rules a given State

E

which states that the central government is superior to State governments

Q51

The principle of separation of power implies that

A

the Executive is supreme

B

the Executive is powerless

C

power is shared by different but co-ordinate organs in the state

D

the rule of law obtains

E

power is shared by competing departments  in the state

Q52

The term 'rule of law' is applicable only

A

in Western-type democracies

B

in Socialist countries

C

in developing countries

D

in State where laws are supreme 

E

if the regime is not military

Q53

The basic element of the United States Constitution is that

A

it presupposes and relies upon the existence of a high educated and very articulate electorate 

B

Presidents like Richard Nixon cannot get away with gross abuse of power

C

it guarentees the enjoyment of equal rights and protection by every citizen

D

murderers who are found guilty by law courts are executed on electric chairs

E

it embodies the concept of separation of powers

Q54

The principle of the 'Separation of Powers' in the new Constitution of Nigeria is different from that of the U.S.A. because

A

traditional rulers can play a dominant role

B

there are two houses of the National Assembly 

C

the President is above the law

D

the Vice President is not the President of the Senate

E

the Senate has the power of veto

Q55

The determination of issues before the courts in accordance with the body of rules backed by the organised force of the community, refers essentially t

A

judicial revision

B

human rights

C

the rule of law

D

habeas corpus

E

certiorari

Q56
The essence of the United States of America's Constitution is that
A
it is based on the concept that all men are created equal and are endowed with rights
B
the Supreme Court is the most politically powerful branch of government in the country
C
it is a peculiarly North American document
D
It protects black Americans at all times
E
It provides checks ad balances between states and federal government and within the federal government
Q57
A Constitution of any country is basically
A
a mere piece of paper
B
a guide to how the country should be governed
C
a document stating what the leaders should do
D
a document stating how to acquire power
E
C and D
Q58
In general, Constitutions are designed to provide
A
legal remedies for all political problems
B
clear alternative to military take-overs of elected governments
C
general arrangements, rules and national objectives within which plitical activities are conducted
D
codes of ethics for politicians and punishment for those who break the laws of the land
E
rigid ideological frameworks for nations that operate the Constitutions
Q59
A good example of a country with a largely unwritten Constitution is
A
the United States of America
B
the Soviet Union
C
Nigeria
D
the United Kingdom
E
Sierra Leone
Q60
'The Queen can do no wrong' means
A
the Queen is above the law
B
the Queen acts on the advice of her ministers on matters of policy
C
the Queen is the effective centre of power in the United Kingdom
D
the Queen has the loyalty of a vast number of the British population
E
the Queen is intelligent and therefore can distinguish between right and wrong