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JAMB questions for "Government :: Arms and Structures of Government"
Q1
Case-laws are made by the
A
legislature
B
council of ministers
C
judiciary
D
president
E
Q2
Which of the following undermines the independence of the judiciary?
A
The confirmation of the appointment of the chief justice by the legislature
B
Widespread use of tribunals
C
Payment of the salaries of judicial officers by government
D
Making the minister of justice the attorney-general
E
Q3
Bicameral legislatures are popular in
A
unitary systems
B
federal systems
C
confederal system
D
rigid systems
E
Q4
One of the weaknesses of confederation is the
A
over specialization of authority
B
lack of central army
C
tendencies towards secession
D
absence of local independence
E
Q5
A system of government which emphasizes co-ordinate status of component units is referred to as
A
federal
B
confederal
C
unitary
D
communal
E
Q6

The pronouncement of judges which have the force of law are called 

A

judgements

B

judicial oaths

C

orders-in-council

D

judicial precedents

E
Q7
A country made up of semi autonomous units is
A
a confederation
B
a federation
C
a region
D
unitary
E
Q8
The cabinet can be described as a link between the
A
executive and legislature
B
legislature and electorate
C
executive and judiciary
D
legislature and local government councils
E
Q9
Unicameralism refers to
A
a two-chamber legislature
B
the process of secret voting in the legislature
C
the lower chamber in a legislature
D
the one-chamber in a legislature
E
Q10
An important function of the legislature is
A
judicial review
B
executive of exclusive policies and actions
C
lobbying
D
defending government policies
E
Q11
The primary function of the judiciary is to
A
make laws
B
protect the citizens
C
interpret laws
D
execute laws
E
Q12
One of the important advantages of federalism is that
A
any component state can secede at any time
B
each state can develop at its own pace
C
each state can only spend money allocated to it bt the centre
D
citizens cannot be taxed by both state and federal governments
E
Q13
A major weakness of unicameral legislature is that it
A
delays legislation
B
is unsuitable for a unitary state
C
breeds struggle for power
D
does not provide a check against hasty legislation
E
Q14
A tax law is
A
private bill
B
speaker's bill
C
public bill
D
judicial bill
E
Q15
Attempts influence legislation by persuading legislators are known as
A
socialization
B
gerrymandering
C
lobbying
D
electioneering
E
Q16
A confederal system of government means
A
Strong regional governments and a weak central authority
B
a strong central authority and weak regional governments
C
a strong central authority and strong regional governments
D
a weak central authority and strong regional governments
E
Q17
The organs of government which are normally fused in a military regime are the
A
Civil Service and parastals
B
Legislature and the Executive
C
Executive and the Judiciary
D
Judiciary and the Legislature
E
Q18
In a unitary state, power is concentrated in the
A
local government
B
constitutuent units of the state
C
major ethnic groups
D
national government
E
Q19
Bicameral legislature exists
A
where cameramen are allowed to cover the proceedings of the legislature
B
to prevent the concentration of power in one legislative house
C
to provide jobs for more politicians
D
to ensure that just laws are passed
E
Q20
In a federal system of government
A
the central government shares powers equally with the state governments
B
all the states of the federation are equal in size and population
C
state courts control federal courts
D
the central government has exclusive power over defence and foreign affairs
E
Q21
Legislative supremecy exists in
A
Britain
B
France
C
Soviet Union
D
Nigeria
E
Q22
The major function of the legislative assembly is to
A
debate on committee reports
B
represent the people
C
make laws
D
vote on bills
E
Q23
Judges in Nigeria enjoy security of tenure
A
if they are appoined by the president
B
if they have support of the Nigerian Bar Association
C
if they are of good behaviour
D
during the life of the government which appoints them
E
Q24
In Nigeria, the highest court for muslims is the
A
Alkali Court
B
Sharia Court of Appeal
C
Supreme Court
D
Upper Area Court
E
Q25
The term 'Chief-in-Council', in Nigeria means that the chief
A
is elected by the council
B
is superior to the council
C
cannot oppose the decision of the council
D
is nominated by the government
E
Q26
Which branch of government is responsible for implementing laws? The
A
Executive
B
Legislature
C
Judiciary
D
Police
E
Civil Service
Q27
Case-laws are made by the
A
Legislature
B
Executive
C
Judiciary
D
Attorney General and Minister of Justice
E
President
Q28
Which of the following is a good example of a confederal state?
A
Nigeria
B
Switzerland
C
U.S.A
D
Ghana
E
ECOWAS
Q29
Which of these is NOT a member of the Judiciary?
A
The chief justice
B
A high court judge
C
A magistrate
D
A lawyer
E
A grand khadi
Q30
The supreme power of state to make and enforce laws within its jurisdiction is called
A
decolonization
B
independence
C
nationalism
D
sovereignity
E
enfranchisement
Q31
The three principal organs of government are the
A
Legislature, the Public Service and Judiciary
B
Political Parties, the Executive and the Judiciary
C
Executive, the Legislature and the Public Corporation
D
Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary
E
Judiciary, the Local Government and the Legislature
Q32
The Judicial organ of government is the body which
A
implements the law
B
makes the law
C
punishes law makers
D
interpretes the law
E
rewards law makers
Q33
Bicameralism refers to
A
a one chamber legislature
B
the process of voting
C
the upper chamber legislature
D
a two chamber legislature
E
legislatures in all sovereign States
Q34
The main function of the judiciary is to
A
serve as the watch-dog of the executive
B
enact law
C
execute the laws of the land
D
interpret the laws
E
protect the interest of accused persons
Q35
The legislature in every state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is called the
A
State National Assembly
B
State Legislative Council
C
State Traditional Council
D
House of Assembly
E
State House of Representative
Q36
The primary function of a legislature is
A
appointing a president
B
law making
C
vetoing bills
D
monitoring the judiciary
E
re-assigning civil servants
Q37
A court order directing a detainee to be brought to court is called
A
referendum
B
summons
C
injunction
D
habeas corpus
E
prerogative
Q38
The idea of putting everyone under two levels of government at the same time is called
A
dual policy
B
dual mandate
C
dual citizenship
D
federalism
E
nationalism
Q39
A federal system of government is the one in which
A
power is concentrated in the hands of one of the governments
B
surordinate units of government exercise soverign power
C
the state governors can sue the central government
D
power is shared between the central government and the local government
E
power is shared between the central and the state governments
Q40
The Nigerian Federal Legislature is
A
bicameral
B
unicameral
C
called the House of Assembly
D
called the Representatives
E
the Senate
Q41
The primary function of the judiciary is to
A
interpret laws
B
make laws
C
regulate behaviour
D
execute laws
E
safeguard independence
Q42
The main function of the National Assembly is to
A
fix salaries for all state governors
B
make laws for the country
C
pass motion on the welfare of the legislators
D
direct public attention to the excesses of public officials
E
condemn the South African government for its policy of apartheid
Q43
The President of Nigeria
A
has a tenure of seven years
B
has to be elected every four years
C
has a tenure of five years
D
cannot seek re-election
E
is elected for life
Q44
The head of the Judiciary in every state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is called
A
Hnourable Chief justice
B
Head of Judicial Service
C
Grand Khadi
D
President, Customary Court of Appeal
E
Chief Judge
Q45
The highest legislative body in Nigeria is the
A
National Council of States
B
State Assembly
C
House of Representatives
D
Senate
E
National Assembly
Q46

The legislative arm of a government is always 

A

the Parliament 

B

the Cabinet 

C

the highest organ of government 

D

the body that makes laws

E

the body that interprets laws

Q47

The Executive is the body that

A

executes armed robbers 

B

interprets laws

C

Implements laws

D

enacts laws

E

none of the above

Q48

In all countries, the roles of law-making and law interpretation revolve respectively on 

A

the Executive and Judiciary 

B

the Judiciary and Legislature 

C

the Judiciary and Executive 

D

the Legislature and Judiciary 

E

the Legislature and Executives

Q49

The highest court in Nigeria is called the 

A

Federal Court of Appeal

B

High Court

C

Upper area Court

D

Supreme Court 

E

Sharia Court of Appeal

Q50
The major role of national legislature is to
A
scrutinize and criticize the executive branch
B
step into political vacuum created by weak executives
C
expose and supervise the government
D
make laws for the general welfare of citizens
E
find ways and means to get money for governments
Q51
The main function of the legislature is
A
to implement law
B
to enforce law
C
to make law
D
to interpret law
E
to nullify law
Q52
A Congressional bill can become a law without presidential assent when
A
the president is careless enough to forget to sign the bill into law within a certain number of days
B
a bill was, in the first instance, passed by both Houses of Congress with a two thirds majority
C
each of the Houses voting wtih a two thirds majority passes a bill which has been vetoed by the president
D
the country is at war
E
in none of the conditions stated above.
Q53
Which of the following governs a state in-between meetings of the legislature?
A
The Legislative Organ
B
The Upper House
C
The Lower House
D
The Executive
E
The Judiciary
Q54
The Legislature is
A
the body which administers the law
B
the body which makes the law
C
a body of local government councils
D
the body which interprets the law
E
Q55
The Executives is
A
a committee of the legislature
B
the body that makes law
C
the body that executes the policies of government
D
the highest organ of government
E
none of the above
Q56
The judiciary is
A
an arm of the Executive
B
the body which makes the law
C
a body of lawyers
D
the body which interprets the law
E
the body which enforces the law