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"Population" question number distribution across years
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JAMB questions for "Economics :: Population"
Q1
What is the population growth rate in 2003?
A
33.3%
B
20.0%
C
11.0%
D
50.0%
E

Answer: D

Population
Q2
The percentage of working population in 2002 is
A
50%
B
25%
C
8%
D
80%
E

Answer: D

Population
Q3
High dependency ratio is influenced by
A
high infant mortality rate
B
the level of income
C
high birth rate
D
inadequate medical care for children
E

Answer: C

Population
Q4
Occupational distribution population determines the
A
size of a population availability and willing to work
B
population density of a place
C
dependency ratio of a country
D
size and categories of the labour force
E

Answer: B

Population
Q5
From the shaded area of the diagram above, an appropriate population policy will be to
A
encourage early marriages
B
discourage immigration
C
discourage polygamy
D
encourage the use of contraceptives
E

Answer: A

Population
Q6
The population of a country will decrease if
A
the death rate exceed the birth rate
B
immigration is equal to emigration
C
the birth rate exceeds the death rate
D
there is rapid economic growth
E

Answer: A

Population
Q7
If the active population is 50 million and unemployed is 5 million, what is the unemployment rate?
A
10%
B
45%
C
55%
D
90%
E

Answer: A

Population
Q8
The active population of a country determines the size of its
A
economic resources
B
national income
C
labour force
D
gross domestic product
E

Answer: C

Population
Q9
The Malthusian theory of population has been rendered ineffective by
A
technical progress
B
government policies
C
natural disasters
D
birth control measures
E

Answer: A

Population
Q10
The movement of people from rural to urban areas affects the
A
geographical distribution of population
B
age distribution of population
C
occupational distribution of population
D
E

Answer: A

Population
Q11
An upward review of the retirement age will affect the
A
supply of labour
B
tax rate
C
demand of labour
D
wage rate
E

Answer: A

Population
Q12
The major problem of conducting census in Nigeria is
A
lack of political will
B
financial constraint
C
inadequate skilled personnel
D
urban conjestion
E

Answer: B

Population
Q13
If children and the aged dominate the population of a country, this results in
A
a fall in standard of living
B
a reduction in the importation of capital goods
C
an improvement in the standard of living
D
an increase in the national income
E

Answer: A

Population
Q14
Of the death rate of a country is 52% and the growth rate is 12%, what is the birth rate of the country?
A
48%
B
64%
C
40%
D
52%
E

Answer: B

Population
Q15
Population density is described as the
A
average number of people per square kilometre
B
average number of people in a country
C
total population excluding migration
D
total population including net migration
E

Answer: A

Population
Q16
The labour force in Nigeria falls between the ages of
A
18 and 60
B
18 and 55
C
18 and 45
D
18 and 30
E

Answer: A

Population
Q17
The difference between birth and death rates of a given population is referred to as the
A
linear growth rate
B
mortality rate
C
fertility rate
D
natural growth rate
E

Answer: D

Population
Q18
The purpose of conducting a census is to enable a country to
A
plan her capital inflow and outflow
B
determine the growth rate of population
C
plan her growth and development
D
determine the optimum level of population
E

Answer: C

Population
Q19
A country is said to be overpopulated when
A
the resources are more than enough to cater for the population
B
the size of the population is greater than the annual budget
C
the resources are inadequate to cater for the population
D
there are too many able-bodied men and women in the country
E

Answer: C

Population
Q20
The labour force of a country can be determined by examining the
A
age structure of the population
B
sex distribution of the population
C
geographical distribution of the population
D
occupational distribution of the population
E

Answer: A

Population
Q21
If the growth rate of available resources continuously outpaces that of the population, a country will eventually experience
A
underpopulation
B
maximum population
C
optimum population
D
overpopulation
E

Answer: A

Population
Q22
The Malthusian theory of population growth is often said to be
A
oversimplified
B
ambiguous
C
optimistic
D
pessimistic
E

Answer: D

Population
Q23
The reduction of high fertility rate is a measure in population control designed to make the
A
female population higher than the male
B
female and male population equal
C
male population higher then female
D
growth in population more sustainable
E

Answer: D

Population
Q24
The age distribution of a country's population determines the
A
male-female ratio
B
total age of all working class adults
C
ratio of the dependent to the working group
D
percentage of married women
E

Answer: C

Population
Q25
A well conducted census is important for
A
effective defence
B
good economic planning
C
effective revenue generation
D
optimum population
E

Answer: A

Population
Q26
Optimum population is defined as the level of population at which
A
per capita output is maximised
B
population is neither increasing nor decreasing
C
total national income is maximised
D
marginal efficiency of population is maximised
E

Answer: D

Population
Q27
Given that B = Births X = Emigrants D = Deaths M = Immigrants The population of a country over a period of time will rise if
A
B = D and X > M
B
B - D = O and M > X
C
D - B = O and M = X
D
X > M and D > B
E

Answer: B

Population
Q28
The dependency ratio between 1960 and 1990 is
A
increased by 5%
B
increased by 2%
C
decreased by 2%
D
decreased by 5%
E

Answer: C

Population
Q29
In 1990, the difference between the dependent population and the active population ratio is
A
22%
B
20%
C
16%
D
4%
E

Answer: C

Population
Q30
One of the objectives of Nigeria's current population policy is to
A
reduce the birth rate
B
reduce the emigration rate
C
increase the birth rate
D
enhance longevity
E

Answer: A

Population
Q31
When a country's population is experiencing increasing returns, that country is
A
Overpopulated
B
Economically poor
C
Over producing goods and services
D
Underpopulated
E

Answer: D

Population
Q32
In a country, if the proportion of people who are below 15 years is 45% and those above 60 years is 30%, this implies that the
A
dependency ratio is high
B
population is optimum
C
active population is large
D
population is growing according to Malthus theory
E

Answer: A

Population
Q33
Given that at the beginning of 1973, Nigeria with a birth rate of 3% per annum population of 75 million. This implies that in that year
A
the population increased by 25 million
B
there were 2.25 million live births
C
the government had to make provision for 2.25 million children
D
2.25 million children were born
E

Answer: A

Population
Q34
The problems of conducting census include
A
high rate of rural-urban migration
B
poor geographical distribution of population
C
high birth rate in the country
D
poor town planning and urban areas
E

Answer: D

Population
Q35
An ageing population is a population
A
With a high dependency ratio
B
With many young people
C
In which the number of old persons is increasing
D
That is dominated by very old people
E

Answer: C

Population
Q36
The population of Ohaha L.G.A. was 480,000 in December 1980, out of which 60% were females. If within one year on births were recorded, but 5% of males died, what will be the population of the L.G.A. in December 1981?
A
96,000
B
192,000
C
288,000
D
470,000
E

Answer: D

Population
Q37
An increasing population might be of economic benefit to a country if
A
the female population is greater than the male population
B
the dependency ratio is increasing as the total population increase
C
a commodity higher proportion falls into working class category
D
the rural and urban proportions are balanced
E

Answer: C

Population
Q38
Every economy require an accurate census because it assets in
A
solving inflation problem
B
providing a sound framework for policy formulation
C
stimulating economic activities in the national economy
D
solving unemployment problem
E

Answer: D

Population
Q39
If the actual population in a country is less than the optimum population, then
A
it is desirable to have a larger population
B
it is necessary to have an improved technology to sustain the population
C
it is desirable to have a smaller population
D
the available resource are inadequate
E

Answer: A

Population
Q40
The working population refers to
A
population where the average age is falling
B
the population within the 0 - 14 age bracket
C
the economically active segment of the population
D
the dependent population
E

Answer: C

Population
Q41
Which of the following factors is NOT responsible for the rural/urban drift in Nigeria?
A
The infrastructural facilities in cities
B
Declining fertility of rural farm lands
C
Rural electrification programme
D
Higher living standards in urban areas
E

Answer: C

Population
Q42
An accurate census is important to a country because it helps
A
in solving unemployment problem
B
to ensure equitable population redistribution relative to natural resources
C
in deciding on the creation of more local governments
D
in providing a sound basis for formulating development policy
E

Answer: D

Population
Q43
If 502.75 million tonnes of grains are consumed annually by a population of 88.5 million people, the per capita grains consumption will be
A
6.00 tonnes
B
5.68 tonnes
C
0.60 tonnes
D
0.57 tonnes
E

Answer: B

Population
Q44

The estimated dependency ratio of the population distribution shown above is

A

11:9

B

9:11

C

7:3

D

3:7

E

Answer: A

Population
Q45
In the data above, what is the optimum population in million?
A
50
B
70
C
90
D
100
E

Answer: A

Population
Q46
The major objective of the current campaign for family planning in Nigeria is to
A
Reduced the death rate
B
limit the number of women a men can marry
C
keep the population growth rate constant
D
raise the standard of living of the population
E

Answer: D

Population
Q47
The migration of young people from rural to urban areas in Nigeria should help to raise the
A
standard of living in the urban areas
B
total productivity of labour in the rural areas
C
marginal productivity of labour in the rural areas
D
marginal productivity of labour in the urban areas
E

Answer: D

Population
Q48
The higher the dependency ratio the
A
larger the proportion of the employed relative to the unemployed
B
smaller the proportion of the active labour force relative to the inactive
C
smaller the number of the non-working age groups relative to the active labour force
D
lower the birth rate
E

Answer: B

Population
Q49
The age distribution of a country's population is of economic importance because it affects the
A
patterns of expenditures
B
size of the army
C
optimum size of firms
D
location of industries
E

Answer: A

Population
Q50
If birth rate is constant and death rate declines, population
A
falls
B
expands
C
stabilizes
D
oscillates
E

Answer: B

Population
Q51
Optimum population is the population level at which
A
death rate is a minimum
B
per capita income is at a maximum
C
population is maximum
D
death rate is equal to birth rate
E

Answer: B

Population
Q52
The Malthusian theory of population predicts that growth in food production will
A
keep pace with population growth
B
be at a faster rate than population
C
be at a slower rate than population growth
D
be more rapid than population growth in the developing countries
E

Answer: C

Population
Q53
The most threatening problem for the less developed countries is
A
the continual depletion of their soil fertility
B
the rise of nationalism
C
population explosion
D
their in difference towards economics growth
E

Answer: C

Population
Q54
Which of the following best explains the structural changes in the population of a country?
A
Positive changes in the size and ethnic composition of the population
B
A decrease in the size of the population
C
An increase in the birth rate which is higher than the decrease in the death rate
D
changes in the age, sex and occupational composition of the population
E

Answer: D

Population
Q55
Population density refers to
A
densely population urban centre
B
the total area divided by the total population
C
densely populated rural areas
D
the total population divided by the total area
E

Answer: D

Population
Q56
Optimum population is desirable because it enables an economy to attain maximum
A
per capita income
B
per capita output
C
per capita real income
D
per capita revenue
E
growth rate

Answer: A

Population
Q57
The age distribution of a population is NOT influenced by
A
birth rates
B
death rates
C
patterns of immigration
D
patterns of emigration
E
school leaving age

Answer: E

Population
Q58
One theory of population contends that population tends to increase much faster than the supply of food, and that if the growth in population is not checked, it will be checked by natural forces like misery, disaster and food shortages. This theory was propounded by
A
prof. Paul Samuelson
B
Adam Smith
C
David Ricardo
D
Rev. Thomas Malthus
E
Prof. Ojetunji Aboyade

Answer: D

Population
Q59
Which of the following factor is most responsible for the concentration of population around the oil fields in eastern Nigeria?
A
Establishment of industries
B
Presence of mineral deposits
C
Transportation facilities
D
Favourable soils
E
Favourable climatic conditions

Answer: A

Population
Q60
An ageing population refers to the preponderance of
A
middle aged people in the population
B
young people in the population
C
women in the population
D
old men in the population
E
old people in the population

Answer: E

Population