Industry and Industrialization Generix Content - Industry and Industrialization
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"Industry and Industrialization" question number distribution across years
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JAMB questions for "Economics :: Industry and Industrialization"
Q1
Localization of industries refers to the
A
spread of firms producing different products
B
concentration of firms of an industry
C
siting of industries near the market
D
siting of firms producing different products
E
Q2
In developing countries, governments influence the location of industries in order to
A
spread development
B
encourage entrepreneurs
C
redistribute wealth
D
encourage industries to earn high profits
E
Q3
In Nigeria, the location of a steel industry at Abeokuta is due to
A
the availability of transport network
B
the proximity to source of power
C
the proximity to large deposits of iron ore
D
political consideration
E
Q4
Industries for consumer goods are concentrated in urban centers as a result of
A
large market
B
power supply
C
government policy
D
weather conditions
E
Q5
The current industries development strategy in Nigeria is aimed at encouraging
A
small-scale industries
B
medium-scale industries
C
small-and medium-scale industries
D
medium-and large-scale industries
E
Q6
A major consideration in locating a cement factory is the availability of
A
skilled labour
B
power
C
infrastructural facilities
D
limestone
E
Q7
Environmental degradation is more associated with
A
decreased urbanization
B
urban-rural migration
C
location of industries
D
localization of industries
E
Q8
Industrialization is a prerequisite for balanced economic growth because it
A
expands employment opportunities in urban areas
B
encourages trade liberalization
C
stimulates the development of all sectors
D
enhances productivity in the manufacturing sector
E
Q9
A major factor militating against rapid in industrialization in Nigeria is
A
poor market facilities
B
epileptic supply
C
poor transport facilities
D
inadequate skilled manpower
E
Q10
A major advantages of industrialization is that it
A
improves the terms of trade
B
curbs inflation
C
leads to self reliance
D
leads to growth and development
E
Q11
Localization of industries in Nigeria is mainly influenced by
A
market size
B
population groupings
C
raw materials
D
external materials
E
Q12
A major cause of the slow pace of industrialization in Nigeria is adequate
A
skilled labour
B
communal labour
C
raw materials
D
landmass
E
Q13
An important factor hindering the rapid development of the industrial sector in Nigeria is
A
rural-urban migration
B
excessive demand for finished products
C
inadequate infrastructure facilities
D
the dominance of the soil sector
E
Q14
Two basic features common to an industry are
A
production processes and source of source of a capital
B
source of capital and labour supply
C
similarity of products and source of raw materials
D
similarity of products and production processes
E
Q15
One of the major factors militating against industrialization in Nigeria is the
A
frequent breakdown of equipment
B
failure to get foreign partners and supporters
C
inadequacy of infrastructural facilities
D
absence of government participation
E
Q16
One of the problems arising from the localization of industries is
A
high prices of output
B
structural unemployment
C
the exportation of output
D
the scarcity of foreign exchange
E
Q17
A disadvantage of concentrating industries in an area is that it could
A
lead to collusion among the firms
B
result in environmental pollution
C
bring about diseconomies of scale
D
increase the cost of production
E
Q18
An industry is a
A
company producing unrelated commodities
B
group of firms producing related commodities
C
group of firms producing distinct commodities
D
firms producing differentiated commodities
E
Q19
The slow pace of industrial growth in Nigeria can be attributed to
A
inadequate infrastructure facilities
B
inadequate number of unskilled labour
C
lack of raw materials
D
overdependence on the oil sector
E
Q20
A primary industry is concerned with
A
clearing and cultivation of land only
B
the operation of small scale enterprises
C
the economic activities of primary producers
D
extraction of resources in their raw state
E
Q21
Industries contribute to national economic development because they
A
employ an increasing number of labour
B
utilize local raw materials
C
provide recreational facilities
D
use modern machines which replace human labour
E
Q22
Import substitute industrialization refers to
A
the concentration of industries for even development
B
setting up of industries for regional development
C
a situation in which local industries are set up to produce goods formerly imported
D
the banning of imports which are substitutes for domestically produced goods
E
Q23
Concentrating industries in one place is advantageous because there are gains in terms of
A
external economies
B
internal economies
C
Economies of scale
D
cost economies
E
Q24
A factor that influences the location of a firm near its market is the
A
transportation of bulky raw materials
B
external economies
C
high cost of transporting finished goods
D
availability of skilled manpower
E
Q25
In many developing countries, infrastructural problem is acute due to the shortage of
A
industries and industrial equipment
B
saving, investment and consumption
C
natural resources for development
D
supporting services that encourage economic activities
E
Q26
One of the dangers of the localized of industries is
A
residual unemployment
B
mass unemployment
C
cyclical unemployment
D
structural unemployment
E
Q27
Plywood industries are often located near the source of
A
finance
B
labour
C
power supply
D
raw materials
E
Q28
Infant industries denote industries which
A
are introducing new products
B
are too young to compete in the world market
C
produce baby food and mother care products
D
are allowed time enough to mature for recognition
E
Q29
When compared with a labour-intensive industry, a capital-intensive industry employs more
A
workers than capital
B
workers than machinery
C
raw materials than capital
D
machinery than workers
E
Q30
What is the term used to describe a policy aimed at promoting the local production of goods which are usually imported?
A
Deregulation
B
Import substitution
C
Tariff reduction
D
Backward integration
E
Q31
Labour-intensive strategy of industrialization emphasizes the use of
A
steam energy in the process of production
B
manual method of production
C
synthetic raw materials
D
hydro-electric power
E
Q32
On the basis of the contribution to employment, the most important economic sector in West Africa is
A
import substitution
B
export promotion
C
ports development
D
infant industries protection
E
Q33
One of the most important factors that should be considered in the location of an industry is
A
nearness to the financial centre
B
assured patronage by government functionaries
C
availability of inputs and market
D
availability of adequate security
E
Q34
Since the mid- 1980s, the most disturbing development in the industrial sector in Nigeria is
A
labour inteensity
B
capital intensity
C
poor technology
D
capital under-utilization
E
Q35
The most popularly adopted industrialization strategy in West Africa is
A
import substitution
B
export promotion
C
ports development
D
infant industries protection
E
Q36
Firms are often set up close to each other in order to take advantage of
A
supply of skilled labour
B
agglomeration economies
C
internal economies of scale
D
external economies of scale
E
Q37
The consumer goods industry is predominant in the industrial sector of the Nigerian economy because of the
A
availability of market and most of the raw material required
B
availability of the necessary machinery required
C
experience of Nigeria producers
D
relatively lower cost of production of such goods
E
Q38
Industries tend to be located closer to market centres than to the sources of major raw materials if the
A
products are relatively cheap to transport to market centres
B
products are relatively more expensive to transport than the major raw materials
C
raw materials are bulky
D
raw materials can also be imported
E
Q39
Which of the following factors is the most important in siting a petro-chemical plant?
A
Nearness to the source of raw materials
B
Nearness to the source of power
C
Availability of labour
D
Productivity to financial industries
E
Q40
Which of the following will be the effect of allowing only economic factors to dictate the location of industries in Nigeria?
A
A more even development of the different parts of the country will be assured
B
There will be an unbalanced spread in the distribution of industries
C
The less developed parts of the country will be able to attract more industries
D
Only the government will be able to finance the establishment of industries
E
Q41
Industries that can be randomly located are characterized by
A
relatively low transport cost for both raw materials and output and factor mobility
B
relatively heavy transport cost for raw material of output
C
constant returns to scale
D
significant economy of scale
E
Q42
Localization of industries refers to the
A
tendency to concentrate industries in particular areas
B
setting of industries in certain areas
C
deliberate policy of influencing location of industries generally
D
zoning of industries
E
Q43
Which of the following is a disadvantage of regional concentration of industries?
A
Development of congested urban areas
B
Existence of regional unemployment
C
High cost of labour
D
Immobility of labour
E
Q44
Which of the following advantages of localization of industries may also be a disadvantage?
A
External economies
B
Concentration of industries and of people
C
Development of organized markets
D
Reduced costs of research
E
Q45
The petro-chemical industries are located in the River State of Nigeria due to
A
favourable climate
B
favourable soil
C
oil deposits
D
palm oil products
E
coal deposits
Q46
The process by which a country attempts to reduce the import of manufactured goods by encouraging firms to produce these goods at home is described as
A
export-promotion
B
import-substitution
C
industrialization
D
export-diversification
E
import-creation
Q47
The most important factor determining the location of the cement industry in Nigeria today is
A
capital and government policy
B
the nature of the products, infrastructure and government policy
C
nearness to the market and source of power
D
price of the product and source of labour
E
raw materials
Q48
Which of the following items is NOT an argument for locating industries in the rural areas?
A
Rural areas supply agricultural raw material
B
The pace of development will be quickened in rural areas
C
Employment will be provided for rural inhabitants
D
Capital is easily available in rural areas
E
Suitable humid climate is sometimes found in rural areas
Q49
Palm oil industry is located in Bendel State because the State
A
import raw material for palm oil industry
B
is a palm tree growing area
C
soil is unsuitable for other crops
D
government does not engage land for other crops
E
land in suitable for oil
Q50
Which of the following is NOT an advantage of localization of industries?
A
Reaping of external economies
B
Development of a pool of skilled labour for the industry
C
Development of subsidiary industries
D
Development of organised markets
E
Growth of conurbation
Q51
What is the most important factor influencing the location of the iron and steel industry at Ajaokuta?
A
Availability of labour in the area
B
Access to transport facilities
C
Nearness to raw materials
D
Availability of power
E
Nearness of Technical and Engineering School
Q52
The infant industry argument for protection in developing countries recognizes the need to employ tariffs to protect
A
industries producing baby food and clothing
B
industries owned by infants
C
newly set-up industries
D
industries in which infants will be taken care of
E
industries that behave like infants
Q53
The process by which West African countries attempt to reduce the import of manufactured goods by encouraging firms to produce these goods at home is known as
A
industrialization
B
export-promotion
C
import-substitution
D
export-substitution
E
import-expansion
Q54

Infant industries are

A

baby food and baby clothing factories

B

those which are introducing new products

C

cases of arrested development

D

industries temporarily protected by tariff barriers until mature enough to compete on world market

E

industries that are allowed to remain permanent cases of adolescence 

Q55
Which of the following activities of Government preclude the existence of a market economy?
A
The imposition of taxes
B
The control of the location of industry
C
The central planning of all production
D
The fixing of maximum prices for all necessities
E
The establishment of laws requiring the registration of business firms