Evolution Generix Content - Evolution
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"Evolution" question number distribution across years
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JAMB questions for "Biology :: Evolution"
Q1
The first terrestrial vertebrates evolved from
A
Pisces
B
Reptilia
C
Amphibia
D
Mammalia
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q2
Chewing the cud is an adaptation peculiar to
A
herbivores
B
omnivores
C
rodents
D
ruminants
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q3
Which of the following animals is most adapted for water conservation?
A
Earthworms
B
Mammals
C
Flatworms
D
Insects
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q4
The specialized pigment cells that are involved in coloration and colour change in animals are the
A
xanthophyl
B
chromatophores
C
chlorophyll
D
melanin
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q5
During the dry season in the tropics, the body metabolism of some animals slows to a minimal level in a process referred to as
A
hibernation
B
aestivation
C
dormancy
D
senescense
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q6
According to Darwin, the driving force behind evolutionary change is
A
natural selection
B
genetic drift
C
mutation
D
gene flow
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q7
The beak of a duck is structurally adapted for
A
scooping and sieving food
B
catching and grasping food
C
picking and cracking food
D
boring and sucking food
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q8
The most important characteristic that makes reptiles to conquer terrestrial habitats is the possession of
A
long tail
B
scaly skin
C
sharp claw
D
amniotic egg
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q9
A major adaptive feature of endoparasites is the
A
loss of the organ of movement
B
presence of claws
C
loss of the central nervous system
D
presence of piercing mouthparts
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q10
The ability of a chameleon to change it colour is an adaptive feature for
A
attraction
B
defence
C
display
D
attack
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q11
Which of the following is the most advanced evolutionary development in plants?
A
Possession of unicellular structures
B
Development of flowers
C
Dispersal of spores
D
Development of secondary thickening
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q12
The natural process that produces adaptive evolutionary changes is
A
mutation
B
gene flow
C
genetic drift
D
natural selection
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q13
The organs that will be most useful to giant African rats in finding their way in underground habitats are the
A
vibrissae
B
nostrils
C
eyes
D
tails
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q14
One adaptation shown by hydrophytes in fresh water habitats is the
A
leaves reduced to spines
B
poor development of roots and xylem tissues
C
waxy cuticle on shoot surface
D
well-developed roots and system
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q15
The process of shedding the exoskeleton of an arthropod is known as
A
metamorphosis
B
instarformation
C
ecdysis
D
tagmosis
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q16
The change in the length of the neck of the giraffes shown was brought about by
A
geographical isolation
B
predation
C
symbiosis
D
natural selection
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q17
The intensity of competition among animals in a given area will increase with
A
an increase in the frequency of disease outbreak
B
an increase in population size
C
a decrease in the immigration rate
D
an increase in the emigration rate
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q18
A characteristic that best exemplifies the evolutionary advancement of mammals over other vertebrates is the
A
viviparous mode of reproduction
B
possession of paired limbs
C
terrestrial mode of life
D
possession of a heart
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q19
When a peacock displays its colourful feathers it is
A
courting a female
B
ready for a fight
C
protecting itself from predators
D
protecting its mate from predators
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q20
When an animal has a dark-coloured dorsal surface and a light-coloured ventral surface, this is an adaptation called
A
colour blending
B
disruptive coloration
C
concealment coloration
D
countershading
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q21
I. Rattus rattus II. Agama agama III. Bufo regularis IV. Tilapia zilli. The order of evolutionary advancement of the above vertebrates is
A
IV, III,II,I
B
II,III,IV,I
C
I,IV,III,II
D
I,II,III,IV
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q22
The transition fom amphibians to mammals involves the limbs becoming arrange to support the weight more effectively requiring modifications in the
A
scapulae and clavicles
B
vertebrae and sternum
C
collar bones and coccyx
D
pectoral and pelvic girdles
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q23
One adaptation of reptiles to water loss is the presence of
A
claws on limbs
B
keratinuos scales
C
long sticky tongues
D
long tails
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q24
An evidence of the relationship between living organisms and their extinct relatives can best be obtained from
A
comparative physiology
B
embryology
C
paleontology
D
comparative anatomy
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q25
Which of the following is an example of intraspecific competition?
A
Yam and potato shoots growing out through the same window
B
A hawk and an eagle targeting the same chicken
C
A lizard and an ant-eater chasing an insect
D
A worker termite and a soldier in a limited space
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q26
The spots and stripes of the leopard and tiger are examples of
A
counter shading
B
disruptive coloration
C
warning coloration
D
cryptic coloration
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q27
One example of fossil fuels is
A
coral
B
limestone
C
firewood
D
coal
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q28

An example of cryptic colouration is the

A

bright marks on a poisonous tropical frog on variegated leaves

B

bright colour of an insect-pollinated flower

C

mottled colours on moths that rest on lichens

D

green colour of a plant

E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q29

Which of the following requires the use of carbon dating to prove that evolution has occurred?

A

Biochemical similarities

B

Molecular records

C

Fossil records 

D

Comparative anatomy

E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q30

The presence of sunken stomata and the folding of leaves are adaptations to

A

prevent entry of pathogens 

B

prevent guttation

C

remove excess water

D

reduce water loss

E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q31

Spines and shells in animals are adaptations for

A

physical defence

B

camouflage

C

chemical defence

D

mimicry

E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q32

The inactive state exhibited by an animal during hot dry seasons is termed

A

aestivation

B

dormancy 

C

resting

D

hibernation

E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q33

An argument against Lamarck's theory of evolution is that

A

acquired traits cannot be passed onto the offspring

B

disuse of body part cannot weaken the part

C

disused part is dropped off in the offspring

D

traits cannot be acquired through constant use of body parts

E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q34
Darwin is considered the first scientist who correctly explained the theory of
A
special creation
B
spontaneous generation
C
use and disuse
D
organic evolution
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q35
A green snake in green grass is able to escape notice from predators because of its
A
disruptive coloration
B
counter shading
C
warning coloration
D
cryptic coloration
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q36
For heterotrophic organisms, competition is least caused by the inadequacy of
A
mates
B
space
C
light
D
nutrients
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q37
A characteristic of vertebrates that is unique to mammals is
A
the presence of pentadactyl limbs
B
the possession of scrotum
C
parental care
D
pulmonary circulation
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q38
The most recently evolved structure in animals is the
A
feather
B
cilium
C
scale
D
hair
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q39
The order in which the organic evolution has progressed in plants is
A
thallophyta , schizophyta, bryophyta, pteridophyta and spermatophyta
B
bryophyta, pteridophyta,spermatophyta, thallophyta and schizophyta
C
pteridophyta, spermatophyta, thallophyta, schizophyta and bryophyta
D
schizophyta, thallophyta, bryophyta, pteridophyta and spermatophyta
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q40
The legs and break of an egret resemble those of the heron because they
A
both feed on fishes
B
are both birds
C
occupy similar niche
D
occupy the same trophic level
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q41
In a group of male Agama lizards, the one with the brightest head colour is the
A
largest
B
youngest
C
oldest
D
dominant
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q42
The mutation theory of organic evolution was propounded by
A
Gregor Mendel
B
Jean Lamarck
C
Hugo de Vries
D
Charles Darwin
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q43
The older fossil-bearing rocks, in contrast to the more recent ones, are more likely to contain
A
animal rather than plant remains
B
flowering plants rather than mosses
C
invertebrates rather than birds
D
reptiles rather than fishes
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q44
From an evolutionary standpoint, the older fossil bearing rock is, the more likely it is to contain
A
aves as opposed to amphibians
B
invertebrates as opposed to vertebrates
C
angiosperms as opposed to algae
D
vertebrates as opposed to invertebrates
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q45
The very bright colours in some types of mushroom
A
are a warning that they may be poisonous
B
indicate that they are very tasty
C
attract potential transporters of their spores
D
perform the same function as bright colours in flowers
E

Answer: A

Evolution
Q46
Which of the following is one of Lamarck's theories?
A
Some variations are more favorable to existence in a given environment to others
B
All living organisms are constantly involved in a struggle for existence
C
The size of a given population remains fairly constant
D
New species originate through the inheritance of acquired traits
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q47
The best explanation for theories of natural selection is that
A
all organisms have equal capacity for survival in their habitats
B
organisms have varying capacities for survival in their habitats
C
organisms compete for resources and better competitors survive and thrive
D
habitats allow only organisms that will not have to compete for survival
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q48
The basic point of impact by changes which produce mutation is the
A
gametes
B
chromosomes
C
phenotype
D
zygote
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q49
The east evidence is support of the theory of evolution is provided by the study of
A
anatomy
B
ecology
C
geology
D
embryology
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q50
From which group of animals are the mammals generally believed to have most recently evolved?
A
reptiles
B
fishes
C
amphibians
D
birds
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q51
The differences and similarities among living things account for
A
diversity
B
stability
C
competition
D
evolution
E

Answer: D

Evolution
Q52
Red colouration on the head of a male lizard helps it to
A
marks its territory
B
camouflage in the environment
C
secure its mate
D
defend itself
E

Answer: C

Evolution
Q53
The anatomical evidence usually used in support of the evolution relationship among whales, humans, birds and dogs, is the possession of
A
thick skin
B
pentadactyl limb
C
tail
D
epidermal structures
E

Answer: B

Evolution
Q54
Which of the following organisms has lost the pentadactyl limb structure
A
Bat
B
Fish
C
Frog
D
Pigeon
E

Answer: E

Evolution
Q55
The theory of natural selection was developed by
A
Lamarck and Darwin
B
Darwin and Wallace
C
Wallace a Mendel
D
Mendel and Lamarck
E

Answer: E

Evolution
Q56
Fossil records found in sedimentary rocks offer some explanation for theory of evolution because
A
the deposits have remains of organisms characteristic of when they were formed
B
different strata have remains of organisms of the same kind
C
only organisms with strong parts are fossilized
D
most animal and plant fossils bear little resemblance to present day living specimens
E

Answer: A

Evolution